1471 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne. Re-restores political stability to England until his death in 1483.

    1493 Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides non-Christian world between Spain & Portugal

    1626 Peter Minuit landed in Manhattan, which he later bought for $24 worth of cloth and brass buttons.

    1675 King Charles II of England commissions the Royal Observatory in Greenwich
    The observatory was built on the prime meridian. The mean solar time at this location is the basis for Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

    1715 A French manufacturer debuts the first folding umbrella.

    1776 Rhode Island declares independence from England

    1795 Thousands of rioters enter jails in Lyons, France, and massacre 99 Jacobin prisoners.

    1814 Napoleon Bonaparte disembarks at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.

    1814 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism

    1904 The United States takes over the construction of the Panama Canal

    1930 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested by the British.

      1932 Public Enemy Number One, Al Capone, was jailed for tax evasion.

    1942 The United States begins food rationing.

    1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea commences.

    1961 Civil rights activists, called “freedom riders,” left Washington, DC for New Orleans.

      1970 Ohio National Guardsmen open fire on student protesters at Kent State University, killing four and wounding nine others

    1991 President Bush is hospitalized for erratic heartbeat

    1994 Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord to ensure Palestinian self-rule in Gaza and Jericho
    Together with Shimon Peres, the two leaders received the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize. A year later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist.

    1998 The Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, was sentenced to four life terms plus 30 years for his series of bombings that killed three and injured 23.

    2000 The citizens of London elected their mayor for the first time.

    2003 Idaho Gem was born. He was the first member of the horse family to be cloned.



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