Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 1

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 1

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1943 – In the Solomon Islands, the U.S. Navy patrol torpedo boat PT-109 sank after being hit by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri. The boat was under the command of Lt. John F. Kennedy. Eleven of the thirteen crew survived.

30 BC – Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

0527 – Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire

1086 – Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)

1096 – The People’s Crusade led by Peter the Hermit arrives at Constantinople with 30,000 followers

1498 – Christopher Columbus landed on “Isla Santa” (Venezuela).

1589 – Assassination of French King Henry III by friar Jacques Clément

1628 – Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism

1774 – Oxygen was isolated from air successfully by chemist Carl Wilhelm and scientist Joseph Priestly.

1781 – British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia

1790 – The first U.S. census was completed with a total population of 3,929,214 recorded. The areas included were the present states of Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia

1794 – Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania

1832 – The Black Hawk War ends.

1834 – Slavery was outlawed in the British empire with an emancipation bill.

1838 – Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.

1876 – Colorado became the 38th state to join the United States.

1893 – Shredded wheat was patented by Henry Perky and William Ford.

1894 – The first Sino-Japanese War erupted. The dispute was over control of Korea.

1900 – The 1st Michelin Guide is published by the brothers Édouard and André Michelin as a hotel and restaurant reference guide to encourage more road travel and thus boost tire sales

1907 – The U.S. Army established an aeronautical division that later became the U.S. Air Force.

1914 – Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI

1922 – In Italy, the socialist ‘Alianza del Lavoro’ declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters

1936 – Adolf Hitler presided over the Olympic games as they opened in Berlin.

1943 – In the Solomon Islands, the U.S. Navy patrol torpedo boat PT-109 sank after being hit by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri. The boat was under the command of Lt. John F. Kennedy. Eleven of the thirteen crew survived.

1942 – Race riots in Harlem, New York

1944 – In Warsaw, Poland, an uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt continued until October 2 when Polish forces surrendered.

1946 – President Truman signed the congressional acts that established the Atomic Energy Commission and the Fulbright Scholarship program.

1950 – Guam Organic Act establishes Guam as an unincorporated US territory

1953 – California introduces sales tax (for education)

1956 – The Social Security Act was amended to provide benefits to disabled workers aged 50-64 and disabled adult children.

1962 – Failed assassination on President Nkrumah of Ghana

1972 – 1st article exposing Watergate scandal by Bernstein and Woodward in “The Washington Post”

1973 – The movie “American Graffiti” opened.

1975 – 35 countries (33 European nations, Canada, and the U.S.) sign the”Helsinki Final Act” agreement concerning boundary integrity; human rights; and economic co-operation

1978 – Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead

1980 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir takes office in Iceland, The Icelandic politician was the fourth president of Iceland and the world’s first democratically elected female head of state. Her 16 years of Presidency also makes her the longest serving female head of state in the world.

1981 – MTV made its debut at 12:01 AM. The first video shown was Video Killed the Radio Star by the Buggles.

1985 – Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents

1995 – Westinghouse Electric Corporation announced a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion.

2000 – First patient to receive the Jarvik 2000, the first total artificial heart that can maintain blood flow in addition to generating a pulse

2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office

2007 – The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses during the evening rush hour

2016 – Anthrax outbreak in Yamalo-Nenets, Siberia kills one and infects 8 others, also kills 2,300 reindeer, global warming blamed

2018 – Swedish crown jewels stolen in heist from Strängnäs Cathedral, Stockholm

2019 – Protesting Kenyan cancer survivors in Nairobi urge their government to declare a “nation disaster’ in a country with only 35 oncologists for 40 million people

2020 – Egypt tells Elon Musk its pyramids were not built by aliens, after Musk tweets in support of a conspiracy theory that they did

2021 – Canada marks its first Emancipation Day (date slavery abolished in the British Empire in 1834)

2021 – The US passes the 35 million mark in COVID-19 cases with California becoming first state to record 4 million cases

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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