Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 2



1990 – Invasion of Kuwait begins, In 2 days Iraqi forces had overrun Kuwaiti forces and Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait as the 19th province of Iraq. The invasion lasted for 7 months and ended after a UN-authorized coalition force led by the United States intervened.

338 BC – Macedonian army led by Philip II defeats combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean

216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats numerically superior Roman army under command consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro

1100 – King William II of England (William Rufus) is killed by an arrow shot by Sir Walter Tyrell while hunting in the New Forest

1552 – Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion

1701 – Great Peace of Montreal signed between New France and North American Indian nations at urging of Huron chief Kondiaronk

1776 – Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians)

1790 – 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves

1802 – Napoleon Bonaparte declared “Consul for Life” after winning national referendum

1832 – Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US

1858 – In Boston and New York City the first mailboxes were installed along streets.

1865 – Lewis Carroll publishes “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”

1870 – World’s first underground railway opened, The Tower Subway beneath river Thames in London opened its doors for passengers. The subway was closed within a few months because of bankruptcy. The tunnel is now used for utilities.

1876 – Wild Bill Hickok was murdered in Deadwood, S.D.

1909 – The first Lincoln penny was issued.

1921 – After 3 hours deliberation a Chicago jury acquits 8 Chicago White Sox accused in Black Sox scandal; next day they are banned from organized baseball for life

1928 – Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

1939 – Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Roosevelt urging the U.S. to have an atomic weapons research program.

1939 – U.S. President Roosevelt signed the Hatch Act. The act prohibited civil service employees from taking an active part in political campaigns.

1941 – Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia

1942 – 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp

1943 – Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive

1945 – After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.

1945 – Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends

1958 – The Arab Federation is dissolved, The short-lived federation of Jordan and Iraq was dissolved after King Faisal of Iraq was deposed and assassinated during the 14 July Revolution.

1964 – North Vietnam fires at US Navy destroyer USS Maddox in what becomes known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident which would eventually escalate US involvement in the Vietnam War

1970 – Rubber bullets used for the first time in Northern Ireland during ‘The Troubles’

1980 – Fascist bomb attack on Bologna Italy train station, 86 killed

1983 – U.S. House of Representatives approved a law that designated the third Monday of January would be a federal holiday in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The law was signed by President Reagon on November 2.

1989 – NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24

1990 – Invasion of Kuwait begins, In 2 days Iraqi forces had overrun Kuwaiti forces and Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait as the 19th province of Iraq. The invasion lasted for 7 months and ended after a UN-authorized coalition force led by the United States intervened.

1990 – US President George H. W. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia

1994 – Congressional hearings begin on White Water

1995 – China ordered the expulsion of two U.S. Air Force officers. The two were said to have been caught spying on military sights.

1998 – Second Congo War Begins, The deadliest war in Africa, the war and its aftermath has killed an estimated 5.4 million people. The war started with a mutiny in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and soon involved 9 African nations. It lasted for 5 years.

2012 – 23 people are killed after two blasts in a fruit market in Lahore, Pakistan

2017 – First successful gene editing in human embryos to repair disease-causing mutation reported by scientists in “Nature”

2017 – US President Donald Trump signs legislation imposing sanctions on Russia, limiting his ability to ever lift them

2018 – Pope Frances declares the death penalty unacceptable in all cases, reversing church teachings and adding to Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church

2018 – Oldest library in Germany confirmed unearthed in Cologne dating to 2AD, possibly held 20,000 scrolls

2019 – Saudi Arabia announces news rules for women including allowing them to travel independently abroad without a male guardian’s permission

2020 – Islamic State stages a jail break at a prison in Afghan city of Jalalabad, placing bombs at its entrance, results in 20 hr gunfight, 29 deaths and over 300 prisoners at large

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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