Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 23



1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it wasnt accepted into the United States, and only lasted for four years

0079 – Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire

0406 – Battle at Florence: Stilicho’s Roman army beats Radagaisus’ Barbarians

0476 – Odoacer proclaimed King of Italy by his troops, 1st barbarian King of Italy

1305 – Scottish patriot William Wallace is executed for high treason by Edward I of England at Smithfield, London

1328 – Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.

1500 – Governor Francisco de Bobadilla arrives in the Indies, soon after arrests and sends former Governor Christopher Columbus back to Spain in chains

1541 – French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City on his third voyage to Canada accompanied by five ships and 1500 people to establish a colony (colony fails after two years)

1595 – Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.

1617 – The first one-way street is opened in London.

1651 – Charles II of England enters Worcester and starts a fight

1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it wasnt accepted into the United States, and only lasted for four years  https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/state-of-franklin-declares-independence

1793 – French Revolution: The National Convention adopts the levée en masse, conscripting all able-bodied men between 18 and 25 for military service during the French Revolutionary Wars

1797 – Emanuel Allen sold at public auction in Montreal; last slave transaction in Canada

1799 – Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.

1833 – Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed

1838 – The first class graduated from Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, MA. It was one of the first colleges for women.

1839 – The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares to war with Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War..

1864 – The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico

1896 – First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila

1902 – Fannie Merrit Farmer opened her cooking school, Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery, in Boston, MA.

1906 – Cuba’s 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention

1914 – Tsingtao, China, was bombarded as Japan declared war on Germany in World War I.

1917 – Ontario cabinet passes order-in-council allowing the city of Berlin to change its name to Kitchener, effective Sept. 1; due to wartime anti-German sentiment

1917 – Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)

1924 – The distance between Earth and Mars is the smallest since the 10th century

1927 – Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti are executed in Boston, Massachusetts after being found guilty of first degree murder.

1929 – Hebron Massacre: Arab attack of the Jewish community in the British Mandate of Palestine resulted in 133 Jews killed, 67 in Hebron.

1933 – Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following another hunger strike

1939 – Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact is signed – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty.

1942 – World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry

1944 – Freckleton Air Disaster – A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England killing 61 people

1944 – During World War II, Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescue was dismissed. Soon after the country would abandon the Axis and join the Allies.

1944 – Marseilles was captured by Allied troops during World War II.

1952 – The security pact of the Arab League went into effect.

1954 – First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.

1958 – Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy.

1962 – The first live TV program was relayed between the U.S. and Europe through the U.S. Telstar satellite.

1966 – First Photograph of the Earth Taken From the Orbit of the Moon – NASA’s Lunar Orbiter 1 was the first American unmanned spacecraft to orbit the Moon. Taking black and white pictures of the Earth was not the Orbiter’s main task. Its primary task was to scope out landing sites on the Moon for future spacecrafts.

1972 – 4 civilians and 1 British soldier are injured in separate overnight shooting incidents in North Ireland

1975 – Successful Communist coup in Laos.

1978 – Iranian students occupies Iranian embassy at Wassenaar

1979 – Iranian army opens offensive against Kurds

1982 – The parliament of Lebanon elected Bashir Bemayel president. He was assassinated three weeks later.

1983 – The U.S. announced that it was nearly ready for a test flight of an anti-satellite missile.

1987 – Robert Jarvik and Marilyn Mach vos Savant were married. The event was called the “Union of Great Minds” since Savant had an IQ of 228 and Jarvik was the inventor of the artificial heart.

1989 – All of Australia’s 1,645 domestic airline pilots resign after the airlines threaten to fire them and sue them over a dispute

1989 – Singing Revolution: two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way)

1990 – President Saddam Hussein appeared on Iraqi state television with a group of Western detainees that he referred to as “guests.” He told the group that they were being held “to prevent the scourge of war.”

1990 – Armenia Declares Independence From the Soviet Union

1993 – It was confirmed by Los Angeles police that Michael Jackson was the subject of a criminal investigation.

1996 – U.S. President Clinton imposed limits on peddling cigarettes to children.

1998 – Protestors in Sudan carried a sign that bore the resemblance of Monica Lewinsky and the words “No War for Monika.” The anti-U.S. demonstration was in Khartoum, Sudan.

1999 – Rescuers in Turkey found a young boy that had been buried in rubble from an earthquake for about a week.

1999 – Robert Bogucki was rescued after getting lost in the Great Sandy Desert of Australia on July 11. During the 43 day ordeal Bogucki lost 44 pounds.

2000 – Richard Hatch was revealed as the winning castaway on CBS’ “Survivor.” Hatch won $1,000,000 for his stay on the island of Pulau Tida in the South China Sea.

2005 – Hurricane Katrina forms over the Bahamas, later becoming a category 5 hurricane

2006 – Natascha Kampusch, who was abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.

2010 – Manila hostage crisis, which occurred at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, where a dismissed police officer took hostage a tour bus full of Chinese nationals.

2013 – 26 people are killed and 55 are injured by a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq

2013 – 50 people are killed in mosque bombings in Tripoli, Lebanon

2015 – 12 year old boy trips and rips 17th-century painting “Flowers” by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan

2015 – Destruction by IS of the 1st century AD temple of Baalshamin in ancient ruins of Palmyra confirmed by Syrian officials

2017 – World’s driest place, the Atacama desert in Chile blooms after unexpected rainfall

2019 – Russia launches the 1st floating nuclear power station the Akademik Lomonosov from port of Murmansk

2021 – US Food and Drug Administration grants full approval to Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for people 16 and over. First vaccine to move past emergency-use status in the US.

2021 – Video evidence of a Seychelles giant tortoise hunting and eating a bird revealed for the first time, tortoises previously thought to be herbivores

2022 – In US domestic terrorism case two men found guilty of plotting to kidnap Michigan Governor Gretchen Witme

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com


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