Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 26

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 26

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1920 – 19th Amendment to the US Constitution Takes Effect, The amendment extended universal suffrage to women in the United States. Before this, women in some states could vote in local and state elections. The Amendment was first introduced in Congress 42 years ago in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. In 1919, the Congress approved the amendment and sent it to the states to be ratified.

55 B.C. – Britain was invaded by Roman forces under Julius Caesar.

1071 – The Battle of Manzikert (Malaz Kard) virtually ends Byzantine power in Asia Minor

1346 – Hundred Years’ War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crcy.

1498 – Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà sculpture by French Cardinal Jean de Bilhères

1526 – Ottoman Empire defeated Hungarian Kingdom in the battle of Mohcs.

1682 – English astronomer Edmond Halley first observes the comet named after him

1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1768 – HM Bark Endeavour expedition under Captain James Cook sets sail from England.

1789 – Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen approved by Constituent Assembly at Palace of Versailles.

1839 – The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.

1842 – The first fiscal year was established by the U.S. Congress to start on July 1st.

1847 – Liberia was proclaimed as an independent republic.

1873 – First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri

1874 – 16 blacks kidnapped from Gibson County Jail and lynched in Trenton, Tennesse

1896 – In the Philippines, and insurrection began against the Spanish government.

1914 – World War I: Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg, a decisive engagement which resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian 2nd Army

1920 – 19th Amendment to the US Constitution Takes Effect, The amendment extended universal suffrage to women in the United States. Before this, women in some states could vote in local and state elections. The Amendment was first introduced in Congress 42 years ago in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. In 1919, the Congress approved the amendment and sent it to the states to be ratified.   https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/19th-amendment-1

1924 – (August 13 with the Old Style calendar) Catastrophe of Smyrna, known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks, occurs. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor in systematic ethnic cleansing. One of the first of the 20th Century.

1928 – May Donoghue drinks a bottle of ginger beer at a cafe in Paisley, Scotland and finds the remains of a snail in the bottle. She launches a civil action against the drink manufacturer which becomes one of the famous cases in English Common Law; that of Donoghue v. Stevenson

1934 – Adolf Hitler demanded that France turn over their Saar region to Germany.

1939 – The first televised major league baseball games were shown. The event was a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1940 – Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s first black colonial governor

1942 – Holocaust in Chortkiv, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of houses, splits in groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2000 Jews to Belzec death camp. 500 of sick and children murdered on the spot

1945 – Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan’s surrender at the end of WWII

1957 – It was announced that an intercontinental ballistic missile was successfully tested by the Soviet Union.

1957 – The first Edsel made by the Ford Motor Company rolled of the assembly line.

1959 – British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis, it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers

1966 – Namibian War of Independence Begins, The 24-year long rebellion against the South African government began with an attack by the South African Defence Force on the members of the South-West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) at Omugulugwombashe.

1969 – Canada’s Prime Minister decriminalizes sodomy by saying: “the state has no business in the bedrooms of the nation”

1973 – A U.S. Presidential Proclamation was declared that made August 26th Women’s Equality Day.

1981 – The U.S. claimed that North Korea fired an antiaircraft missile at a U.S. Surveillance plane while it was over South Korea.

1985 – Ryan White, the 13-year-old AIDS patient barred from attending school in Kokomo, Indiana   https://ryanwhite.hrsa.gov/about/ryan-white

1985 – French government denies knowledge of bombing of the Greenpeace flagship the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland New Zealand

1987 – The Fuller Brush Company announced plans to open two retail stores in Dallas, TX. The company that had sold its products door to door for 81 years.

1990 – The 55 Americans at the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border.

1991 – Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev promised that national elections would be held.

1992 – A “no-fly zone” was imposed on the southern 1/3 of Iraq. The move by the U.S., France and Britain was aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims.

1993 – Ernest Shonekan is appointed interim president of Nigeria by General Ibrahim Babangida

1997 – Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.

1998 – The U.S. government announced that they were investigating Microsoft in an attempt to discover if they “bullied” Intel into delaying new technology.

2003 – Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

2008 – Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, prompting the Georgian government to sever diplomatic relations with Russia

2012 – 17 villagers in Afghanistan’s Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organization

2014 – Democratic Republic of Congo’s health ministry informs the WHO of an outbreak of Ebola; later confirmed as a different strain to that affecting west Africa

2015 – WDBJ TV reporter Alison Parker and cameraman Adam Ward are fatally shot live on TV by an ex-colleague in Moneta, Virginia

2016 – San Francisco 49ers Colin Kaepernick kneels in protest during the US national anthem at San Diego’s Qualcomm Stadium while playing against the San Diego Chargers, objecting to racial injustice and police brutality in the US

2017 – Half a million people take part in a peace march in Barcelona, following terrorist attacks

2018 – Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, former US Vatican Ambassador, claims Pope Francis knew of and ignored sex abuse allegations against Cardinal Theodore McCarrick

2018 – Gamer at a Madden NFL 19 gaming tournament in Jacksonville, Florida, loses then returns to shoot two dead and wound nine

2019 – Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay state of Oklahoma $572 million in 1st trial against opioid manufacturer

2021 – Two bomb blasts at Kabul Airport, Afghanistan, kill at least 60 people, including 12 US soldiers, amid international efforts to evacuate citizens out of the country

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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