Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 3

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 3

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1943 – Gen. George S. Patton verbally abused and slapped a private for “cowardice.” Later, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered him to apologize for the incident.

0435 – Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt

1108 – Louis VI, “the Fat One,” King of France, crowned at the cathedral in Orléans after his half brother prevents him reaching Reims

1492 – Christopher Columbus left Palos, Spain with three ships. The voyage led him to what is now known as the Americas. He reached the Bahamas on October 12.

1529 – “Peace of the Ladies” (Treaty of Cambrai) made between Holy Roman Empire and the French, negotiated by Louise of Savoy and Margaret of Austria

1676 – Nathaniel Bacon publishes “Declaration of People of Virginia”

1750 – Christopher Dock completed the first book of teaching methods. It was titled “A Simple and Thoroughly Prepared School Management.”

1777 – During the Siege of Fort Stanwix the first U.S. flag was officially flown during battle.

1797 – Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in “Countries of Bohemian Crown” to marry non Jews

1861 – Federal fleet bombards Galveston, Texas

1882 – US Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration

1900 – Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. was founded.

1907 – Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany’s plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance

1909 – MLB umpire Tim Hurst instigates a riot by spitting in the face of A’s 2nd baseman Eddie Collins who had questioned a call; 2 weeks later Hurst banned for life

1914 – Germany declared war on France. The next day World War I began when Britain declared war on Germany.

1925 – Last US troops leave Nicaragua (there since 1912)

1936 – The U.S. State Department advised Americans to leave Spain due to the Spanish Civil War.

1936 – Jesse Owens won the first of his four Olympic gold medals.

1943 – Gen. George S. Patton verbally abused and slapped a private for “cowardice.” Later, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered him to apologize for the incident.

1944 – Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies

1946 – World’s first theme park opens its doors in in Santa Claus, Indiana, USA

1949 – The National Basketball Association (NBA) was formed. The league was formed by the merger between the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League.

1956 – Bedloe’s Island had its name changed to Liberty Island.

1958 – The Nautilus became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater. The mission was known as “Operation Sunshine.”

1960 – Niger gains its independence from France

1967 – 45,000 US soldiers sent to Vietnam

1977 – Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 personal computer, within weeks thousands were ordered

1981 – U.S. traffic controllers with PATCO, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization, went on strike. They were fired just as U.S. President Reagan had warned.

1985 – Mail service returned to a nudist colony in Paradise Lake, FL. Residents promised that they’d wear clothes or stay out of sight when the mailperson came to deliver.

1988 – The Iran-Contra hearings ended. No ties were made between U.S. President Reagan and the Nicaraguan Rebels.

1988 – The Soviet Union released Mathias Rust. He had been taken into custody on May 28, 1987 for landing a plane in Moscow’s Red Square.

1992 – The U.S. Senate voted to restrict and eventually end the testing of nuclear weapons.

1992 – Russia and Ukraine agreed to put the Black Sea Fleet under joint command. The agreement was to last for three years.

1995 – Eyad Ismoil was flown from Jordan to the U.S. to face charges that he had driven the van that blew up in New York’s World Trade Center.

1996 – US General William F. Garrison accepts responsibility for outcome of the 1993 raid in Somalia, and retires from military service

2000 – South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Amnesty Committee grants amnesty to Curnick Ndlovu, the KwaZulu-Natal leader of the African National Congress and United Democratic Front, for committing sabotage during December 1961 and June 1963 near Durban

2001 – US President George W. Bush signs into law the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) Extension Act of 2001

2004 – In New York, the Statue of Liberty re-opened to the public. The site had been closed since the terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001.

2004 – NASA launched the spacecraft Messenger. The 6 1/2 year journey was planned to arrive at the planet Mercury in March 2011. On April 30, 2015, Messenger crashed into the surface of Mercury after sending back more than 270,000 pictures.

2005 – President Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia

2013 – 80 people are killed in a wave of insurgency across Iraq

2014 – The Israeli Defence Force remove much of its ground forces from the Gaza Strip following the destruction of 32 tunnels built by Hamas and other militants

2019 – Suspected domestic terrorist shoots and kills 22 and injures 24 at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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