Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 5

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 5

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1305 – William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

 

0910 – The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred

1100 – Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey

1264 – Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany

1305 – William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

1583 – Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown, the first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire

1689 – 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France

1763 – Pontiac’s War: Battle of Bushy Run – British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s Indians at Bushy Run

1812 – War of 1812: Tecumseh’s Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne’s 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat

1846 – Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel

1861 – President Lincoln signs the first US personal Income Tax into law (3% of incomes over $800). The wartime measure was rescinded in 1872.

1884 – On Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor, the cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid.

1905 – First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt’s home at Oyster Bay, New York

1915 – The Latin-American Conference Convenes in Washington, with representatives from leading South American nations joining the US to discuss conditions in Mexico

1921 – The first play-by-play broadcast of a baseball game was done by Harold Arlin. KDKA Radio in Pittsburgh, PA described the action between the Pirates and Philadelphia.

1944 – German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising

1953 – During the Korean conflict prisoners were exchanged at Panmunjom. The exchange was labeled Operation Big Switch.

1962 – Nelson Mandela arrested for incitement and for illegally leaving South Africa

1963 – The Limited Test Ban Treaty was signed by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union. The treaty banned nuclear tests in space, underwater, and in the atmosphere.

1964 – U.S. aircraft bombed North Vietnam after North Vietnamese boats attacked U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.

1966 – Martin Luther King Jr. stoned during Chicago march

1969 – The Mariner 7, a U.S. space probe, passed by Mars. Photographs and scientific data were sent back to Earth.

1970 – US Black P. Panther leader Huey Newton freed from jail after two trials ended in hung juries and the district attorney decides against a 4th trial

1973 – Arab terrorists open fire at Athens airport, kill 3 injure 55

1974 – U.S. President Nixon said that he expected to be impeached. Nixon had ordered the investigation into the Watergate break-in to halt.

1981 – The U.S. federal government started firing striking air traffic controllers.

1989 – In Honduras, five Central American presidents began meeting to discuss the timetable for the dismantling of the Nicaraguan Contra bases.

1991 – An investigation was formally launched by Democratic congressional leaders to find out if the release of American hostages was delayed until after the Reagan-Bush presidential election.

1991 – Iraq admitted to misleading U.N. inspectors about secret biological weapons.

1992 – Federal civil rights charges were filed against four Los Angeles police officers. The officers had been acquitted on California State charges. Two of the officers were convicted and jailed on violation of civil rights charges.

1995 – The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.

2002 – The U.S. closed its consulate in Karachi, Pakistan. The consulate was closed after local authorities removed large concrete blocks and reopened the road in front of the building to normal traffic.

2003 – A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.

2009 – General Abdel Aziz, who came to power in a coup in 2008, was sworn in as the President of Mauritania after elections in 2009.

2011 – NASA announced that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter had captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons.

2011 – Standard & Poor’s Financial Services lowered the United States’ AAA credit rating by one notch to AA-plus.

2012 – Gunman opens fire on Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin killing six people and committing suicide

2014 – Obama signs The Iron Dome Bill providing $225 million in additional funding for Israel’s Iron Dome defense

2021 – Rolling Stones drummer Charlie Watts (80) announces he will be unable to accompany the band on its 2021 U.S. tour, based on medical advice; American Steve Jordan tapped to fill in

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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