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TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: AUG 6

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1945 – US Bombs Hiroshima
In the first of the only two times nuclear weapons have been used in warfare, the United States dropped a nuclear bomb, nicknamed Little Boy on the industrial city of Hiroshima in Japan. Over 150,000 people were estimated killed by the resulting explosion. Japan had joined the Second World War in December 1941 on the side of the Axis powers. After the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings 3 days later on August 9, Japan surrendered to the Allies and ended the Pacific War.

258 – Pope St Sixtus II beheaded in Rome under persecutions by Roman Emperor Valerian

1538 – Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada

1661 – The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal

1675 – Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility

1726 – Treaty of Alliance between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the Russian Empire signed at Vienna

1787 – At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia debate began on the first draft of the U.S. Constitution.

1806 – The Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis II abdicated.

1825 – Bolivia declared independence from Peru.

1861 – Lexington, Kentucky – Union military camp forms in neutral state

1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair

1901 – Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation

1914 – Austria-Hungary declared war against Russia. Serbia declared war against Germany.

1930 – Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC

1942 – Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas “thoroughly empty to plunder”

1944 – Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins

1945 – US Bombs Hiroshima
In the first of the only two times nuclear weapons have been used in warfare, the United States dropped a nuclear bomb, nicknamed Little Boy on the industrial city of Hiroshima in Japan. Over 150,000 people were estimated killed by the resulting explosion. Japan had joined the Second World War in December 1941 on the side of the Axis powers. After the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings 3 days later on August 9, Japan surrendered to the Allies and ended the Pacific War.

1960 – Nationalization of U.S. and foreign-owned property in Cuba began.

1962 – Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.

1963 – Philadelphia NBA franchise changes name from ‘Nationals’ to the ’76ers’, based on US Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia in 1776

1965 – Voting Rights Act Becomes Law in the United States, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the act, which prohibited any discrimination in voting. The act enforces the 14th and 15th amendments to the US Constitution.

1980 – University adm declares 5 Pac-10 schools ineligible for conference titles and post-season play due to transcript and curriculum abuses

1988 – The Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City spurs reform of the NYPD, who were responsible for the melee that transpired the night of August 6-7

1989 – Twenty former South African political prisoners, in defiance of the restriction orders, launch a campaign against apartheid laws

1990 – The U.N. Security Council ordered a worldwide trade embargo with Iraq. The embargo was to punish Iraq for invading Kuwait.

1991 – Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.

1995 – Thousands of glowing lanterns were set afloat in rivers in Hiroshima, Japan, on the 50th anniversary of the first atomic bombing.

1996 – Korean Air Flight 801 crashes in the United States territory of Guam, killing 228 people

1996 – US President Bill Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-US companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of Iran or Libya

1998 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky spent 8 1/2 hours testifying before a grand jury about her relationship with U.S. President Clinton.

2012 – The Mars rover Curiosity landed on the floor of Gale Crater. The Mars Science Laboratory/Curiosity spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL, on November 26, 2011.

2013 – 18 people are killed and 55 are wounded by a car bomb explosion in Damascus, Syria

2013 – 25 people are killed and 60 are wounded by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq

2018 – Facebook, Apple, YouTube and Spotify remove conspiracy theorist Alex Jones from their platforms

2019 – A quarter of humanity is running out of water with 17 countries under extreme water stress including Cape Town, Los Angeles and Bangalore, according to report by the World Resources Institute

2019 – Lawyer representing 800 boy scouts identify 350 sex abusers within Boy Scouts of America saying “It’s the largest pedophile ring on earth”

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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