Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: DEC 1

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: DEC 1

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1955 – Rosa Parks, a black seamstress in Montgomery, AL, refused to give up her seat to a white man. Mrs. Parks was arrested marking a milestone in the civil rights movement in the U.S.

800 – Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

1420 – Henry V of England enters Paris

1626 – Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh, tyrannical governor of Jerusalem, driven out

1640 – Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule following a revolution by Portuguese nobility; the Portuguese Restoration War begins and lasts until 1668 with recognition by Spain of the country’s independence

1641 – Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

1742 – Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia

1768 – The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway (rediscovered 1974)

1824 – US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

Dec 1, 1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election  deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins). - )

1835 – Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.

1884 – American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

1896 – 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

1909 – The Pennsylvania Trust Company, of Carlisle, PA, became the first bank in the in the U.S. to offer a Christmas Club account.

1913 – Ford Motor Co. began using a new movable assembly line that ushered in the era of mass production.

1913 – The first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh, PA.

1915 – The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington

1918 – The Kingdom of Iceland was established with the signing of the Act of Union with Denmark. The act recognized Iceland as a sovereign state under a common monarch with Denmark, and the Kingdom lasted until 1944 when a national referendum created the Republic of Iceland.

A Complete History of Iceland

1919 – Lady Astor was sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament.

1925 – The Locarno Pact finalized the treaties between World War I protagonists.

1934 – Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov is assassinated, Joseph Stalin uses it as an excuse to begin his Great Purge of 1934-38

1939 – SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

1941 – In the U.S., the Civil Air Patrol was created. In April 1943 the Civil Air Patrol was placed under the jurisdiction of the Army Air Forces.

1942 – In the U.S., nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect.

1943 – At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944

1952 – In Denmark, it was announced that the first successful sex-change operation had been performed.

1953 – Hugh Hefner publishes 1st edition of Playboy magazine, featuring Marilyn Monroe as the magazine’s 1st centerfold

Playboy Logo and the History of Business | LogoMyWay

1955 – Rosa Parks, a black seamstress in Montgomery, AL, refused to give up her seat to a white man. Mrs. Parks was arrested marking a milestone in the civil rights movement in the U.S.

Rosa Parks: Bus Boycott, Civil Rights & Facts - HISTORY

1959 – 12 countries, including the U.S. and USSR, signed a treaty that set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, which would be free from military activity.

1963 – Wendell Scott wins the Grand National Series Jacksonville 200 at Speedway Park in Jacksonville, Florida, becoming the first black driver to win a race at NASCAR’s premier level

1965 – An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began.

1969 – The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.

Draft lottery (1969) - Wikipedia

1971 – Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

1974 – LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8

1975 – US President Gerald Ford visits People’s Republic of China

1976 – Sex Pistols using profanity on TV, gets them branded as “rotten punks”

1978 – US President Jimmy Carter more than doubles national park system size

1986 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan said he would welcome an investigation of the Iran-Contra affair if it were recommended by the Justice Department.

1989 – Dissidents in the Philippine military launched an unsuccessful coup against Corazon Aquino’s government.

1989 – East Germany’s Parliament abolished the Communist Party’s constitutional guarantee of supremacy.

1990 – British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel finally met under the English Channel.

May 6, 1994: Channel Tunnel connects UK and France | Knappily

1991 – Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.

1992 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment attempt by hard-liners at the opening of the Russian Congress.

1994 – Jim Bakker, American televangelist and convicted fraud is released from jail

2008 – The US economy has been in recession since December 2007, the National Bureau of Economic Research announces today

2009 – The Treaty of Lisbon, which amended the two treaties – the Maastricht Treaty and the Treaty of Rome – that form the constitutional basis of the European Union came into force after being signed by 13 countries in 2007.

2016 – Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is declared King of Thailand, succeeding his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej

2016 – Gambia presidential election: dictator Yahya Jammeh is defeated by Adama Barrow after 22 years in power

2016 – UN admits its peacekeepers were responsible for the cholera epidemic in Haiti in 2010 that killed 30,000

2017 – President Trump’s former national security adviser Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to the F.B.I.

2018 – Syrian shadow puppetry added to UN list of cultural activities in urgent need of saving

2018 – Violent demonstrations in Paris, France, by yellow-vest movement with 36,000 protesting nationwide

2019 – Earliest traceable patient, a 55-year-old man, develops symptoms of a novel coronavirus (Covid-19) in Wuhan, China

2021 – Tel Aviv named the world’s most expensive city for the first time ahead of Singapore and Paris, with Damascus the cheapest

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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