660 BC Traditional founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno.

    1531 Henry VIII is recognized as the supreme head of the Church of England.

    1752 Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the US, opened

    1805 Sixteen-year-old Sacajawea, the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gives birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife.

    1808 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre PA

    1809 Robert Fulton patents the steamboat.

    1815 News of the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, finally reaches the United States.

    1858 14-year-old Bernadette Soubirous, a French miller’s daughter, claims to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes.

    1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state

    1936 The Reich arrests 150 Catholic youth leaders in Berlin.

    1938 The BBC broadcasts Karel Čapek’s “R.U.R.”, the world’s first science fiction TV program

    1945 The meeting of President Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Marshal Joseph Stalin in Yalta, adjourns.

    1951 U.N. forces push north across the 38th parallel for the second time in the Korean War.

    1953 Walt Disney’s film Peter Pan premieres.

    1959 Iran turns down Soviet aid in favor of a U.S. proposal for aid.

    1961 Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem

    1974 Communist-led rebels shower artillery fire into a crowded area of Phnom Pehn, killing 139 and injuring 46 others.

    1975 Mrs. Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to lead the British Conservative Party.

    1979 Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power in Iran Few days after Khomeini’s triumphant return from French exile, the Iranian army steps aside, making way for the creation of an Islamic theocracy.

    1989 The Episcopal Church Boston diocese consecrated Barbara Harris as the church’s first woman bishop.

    1990 South African political leader Nelson Mandela is released from prison in Paarl, South Africa, after serving more than 27 years of a life sentence.

    1993 Janet Reno selected by Clinton as US Attorney General

    1999 Pluto is once again the farthest planet from the sun in our solar system

    2011 Egyptian Revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests (Arab Spring)

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