Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: FEB 12



1988 – US Navy frigate USS Yorktown bumped by Russian frigate Bezzavetny in the Black Sea in dispute over right of innocent passage

1111 – King Henry V, King of Germany and Italy, arrives in Rome for his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor, but Pope Paschal II refuses to crown him until April owing to the Investiture Controversy

1429 – English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).

1502 – Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India.

1511 – King Henry VIII issues challenge, beginning a jousting tournament to celebrate the birth of his son Henry. Recorded in Roll of Honour manuscript which depicts trumpeter John Blanke, only identifiable black person in Tudor England.

1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes and declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication

1733 – Englishman James Oglethorpe founds the 13th United States colony of Georgia, and its first city at Savannah

1762 – English fleet occupies Martinique

1771 – Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden when his father Adolf Frederick “[eats] himself to death”

1793 – US fugitive slave law passed which requires return of escaped slaves

1825 – Creek Indian treaty signed; Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826

1832 – Ecuador annexes the Galpagos Islands.

1870 – In the Utah Territory, women gained the right to vote.

1878 – Frederick W. Thayer patented the baseball catcher’s mask.

1879 – The first artificial ice rink opened in North America. It was at Madison Square Garden in New York City, NY.

1892 – In the U.S., President Lincoln’s birthday was declared to be a national holiday.

1908 – New York to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberia) begins in New York NY; George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel

1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.

1912 – China’s boy emperor Hsuan T’ung announced that he was abdicating, ending the Manchu Ch’ing dynasty. Subsequently, the Republic of China was established.

1915 – The cornerstone of the Lincoln Memorial was laid in Washington, DC.

1918 – All theatres in New York City were shut down in an effort to conserve coal.

1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge made the first presidential political speech on radio.

1925 – Estonia passes Law on Cultural Self-Government for National Minorities, allowing a unique degree of autonomy to ethnic and religious groups of 3,000 or more

1934 – The Export-Import Bank was incorporated.

1938 – German troops entered Austria

1940 – Mutual Radio presented the first broadcast of the radio play “The Adventures of Superman.”

1943 – General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa

1949 – Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem

1950 – Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb

1955 – President Eisenhower sends first US advisors to South Vietnam

1960 – Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers

1966 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announced famous Six Points in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh

1973 – American prisoners of war were released for the first time during the Vietnam conflict.

1974 – Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement

1985 – Defence Minister Robert Coates resigns news reports reveal he visited a nightclub featuring nude dancers and prostitutes while on ministry business in West Germany

1988 – US Navy frigate USS Yorktown bumped by Russian frigate Bezzavetny in the Black Sea in dispute over right of innocent passage

1989 – 5 Pakistani Moslem rioters killed protesting “Satanic Verses” novel

1990 – In Hagersville, Ontarioa tire dump fire set by teenage boys forces hundreds of families from their homes, causes massive air pollution

1993 – In Liverpool, England, a 2-year-old boy, James Bulger, was lured away from his mother at a shopping mall and beaten to death. Two ten-year-old boys were responsible.

1997 – Hwang Jang-yop, secretary in the Workers’ Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea’s Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong.

1998 – A U.S. federal judge declared that the presidential line-item veto was unconstitutional.

1999 – U.S. President Clinton was acquitted by the U.S. Senate on two impeachment articles. The charges were perjury and obstruction of justice.

2001 – The space probe NEAR landed on the asteroid Eros. It was the first time that any craft had landed on a small space rock.

2002 – The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion.

2003 – The U.N. nuclear agency declared North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint was sent to the Security Council.

2004 – Mattel announced that “Barbie” and “Ken” were breaking up. The dolls had met on the set of their first television commercial together in 1961.

2013 – North Korea allegedly conducts its third nuclear test, saying it was a nuclear device that could be weaponized

2014 – Former New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin is found guilty on corruption charges and sentenced to ten years in prison

2016 – Student leader Kanhaiya Kumar is arrested on “anti-nationalism” charges by Indian police at an anniversary event of the death of Afzal Guru, at Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University

2017 – Emergency spillway at Oroville Dam, California threatens to collapse, 180,00 residents ordered to evacuate

2019 – Australian government loses historic vote on own bill with amendment to allow offshore sick refugees access to healthcare, first loss in 78 years

2021 – Tokyo Olympics Chief Yoshiro Mori resigns after his comments that talkative women made meetings “drag on too long”

2022 – French forces say they have killed 40 fighters in air attacks in Burkina Faso linked to deadly attacks on Benin border

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com


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