Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: FEB 13



1692 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange

0528 – Roman Emperor Justinian appoints a commission to compile a single code of imperial constitutions (Justinian Code published 529)

1130 – Pope Honorius II dies this day and Gregorio Papareschi is elected to succeed him as Innocent II, but Cardinal Pierleone is elected as an antipope, and Innocent flees to France

1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.

1349 – Jews are expelled from Burgdorf, Switzerland, accused of spreading the Bubonic Plague

1503 – Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.

1542 – Catherine Howard was executed for adultery. She was the fifth wife of England’s King Henry VIII.

1578 – Tycho Brahe first sketches “Tychonic system” of solar system

1633 – Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

1635 – America’s first public school was established – the Boston Latin School

1641 – The Iroquois Confederacy of the Long House formally declares war against New France; still resent Champlain’s treaty with the Hurons and Algonquins

1689 – Parliament of England adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown

1692 – Under orders from King William a Royalist force, under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, carried out the Massacre of Glencoe which resulted in the death of 38 MacIan MacDonalds

1706 – Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia and Saxon forces, one of Swedish’s Greatest victories in the Great Northern War

1741 – “The American Magazine,” the first magazine in the U.S., was published in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1759 – In Halifax Nova Scotia the first use of secret ballot in Canada in Nova Scotia Assembly; first legislature in British territory to permit secret voting

1777 – Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

1826 – American Temperance Society, forms in Boston

1837 – Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

1866 – Jesse James and his gang commit the first armed bank robbery in United States history during peacetime in Liberty, Missouri

1875 – Mrs. Edna Kanouse gave birth to America’s first quintuplets. All five of the baby boys died within two weeks.

1880 – Thomas Edison observed what became known as the Edison Effect for the first time.

1900 – The Anglo-German accord of 1899 was ratified by Reichstag, in which Britain renounced rights in Samoa in favor of Germany and the U.S.

1920 – Baseball Hall of Famer “Rube” Foster and 7 other team owners create the first Negro National League (NNL) at a meeting in a Kansas City YMCA

1925 – US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult

1935 – In Flemington, New Jersey, a jury found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of the kidnapping and death of the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later executed for the crimes.

1941 – Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council

1942 – Hitler’s Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled

1945 – During World War II, the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the German army.

1947 – Vern ‘Dry Hole’ Hunter strikes oil near Leduc, sparking a new Alberta oil boom

1955 – Israel acquired 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.

1957 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans with Martin Luther King Jr. as President

1960 – France detonated its first atomic bomb.

1965 – Quebec Liquor Board Employees end 70-day strike.

1971 – South Vietnamese troops invaded Laos. They were backed by U.S. air and artillery support.

1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

1978 – Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman

1981 – A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.

1984 – Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.

1989 – Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed

1990 – In Ottawa, the United States and its European allies forged an agreement with the Soviet Union and East Germany on a two-stage formula to reunite Germany.

1991 – Hundreds of Iraqis were killed by two laser-guided bombs that destroyed an underground facility in Baghdad. U.S. officials identified the facility as a military installation, but Iraqi officials said it was a bomb shelter.

1996 – British boy band Take That officially announce that they are disbanding, prompting UK government to set up counselling phone lines

1997 – Astronauts on the space shuttle Discovery brought the Hubble Space Telescope aboard for a tune up. The tune up allowed the telescope to see further into the universe.

1999 – A bomb exploded just outside a government-owned bank in southern Kosovo. Nine people were killed.

2000 – Charles M. Schulz’s last original Sunday “Peanuts” comic strip appeared in newspapers. Schulz had died the day before.

2002 – In Alexandria, VA, John Walker Lindh pled innocent to a 10-count federal indictment. He was charged with conspiring to kill Americans and aiding Osama bin Laden’s terrorist network.

2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologizes to Indigenous Australians for the “stolen generations”

2010 – A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 and injures 60 more.

2013 – 16 Muslim insurgents are killed in an attack on a Narathiwat military base, Thailand

2017 – US President Donald Trump accepts the resignation of national security adviser Michael Flynn over his dealings with Russia

2018 – Israeli Police report recommends Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu be prosecuted on bribery, fraud and breach-of-trust charges

2019 – Suicide attack on bus carrying Iranian military’s Revolutionary Guard kills 23 in Sistan-Baluchestan province, separatist group Jaish al-Adl claim responsibility

2021 – Former US President Donald Trump acquitted in second Senate impeachment trial on charge of incitement of insurrection after senators vote 57 to 43 in favor of conviction, less than the two thirds majority required for impeachment

2022 – Canadian police arrest truckers who have protested a vaccine mandate for blocking Ambassador’s Bridge, between Detroit and Windsor, for a week at the busiest land border crossing in North America

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com



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