Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON : FEB 26



1993 – World Trade Center bombing: In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center goes off, killing 6 and injuring over a thousand.

0364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.

1266 – Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined German and Sicilian force led by King Manfred of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples.”

1401 – English Catholic priest William Sawtrey convicted of heresy and later becomes 1st Lollard martyr to be publicly burnt at the stake

1616 – The Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun

1732 – Mass first celebrated in American Catholic church, (St Joseph’s Church, Philadelphia)

1773 – State of Pennsylvania approves construction of Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States

1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from the Island of Elba. He then began his second conquest of France.

1838 – Rensselaer Van Rensselaer invades Pelee Island in Lake Erie with 500 American sympathizers of the Canadian rebels

1848 – The second French Republic was proclaimed.

1863 – U.S. President Lincoln signed the National Currency Act.

1870 – In New York City, the first pneumatic-powered subway line was opened to the public. (Beach Pneumatic Transit)

1885 – The Berlin Act, which resulted from the Berlin Conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, was signed – Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to England

1901 – British General Kitchener confers with Boer General Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers

1907 – The U.S. Congress raised their own pay to $7500.

1916 – Mutual signed Charlie Chaplin to a film contract.

1918 – Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604

1919 – In Arizona, the Grand Canyon was established as a National Park with an act of the U.S. Congress.

1920 – The first German Expressionist film is premiered – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” by Robert Wiene is considered one of the best silent films of the horror genre.

1923 – Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)

1924 – Trial against Adolf Hitler for treason in “Beer Hall Putsch” begins in Munich, Germany

1929 – U.S. President Coolidge signed a bill creating the Grand Teton National Park.

1935 – The Daventry Experiment, Robert Watson-Watt carried out a demonstration near Daventry which led directly to the development of RADAR in the United Kingdom.

1941 – Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory

1942 – Government starts evacuating 21,000 Japanese Canadians from coastal regions of British Columbia to interior work camps; under War Measures Act

1944 – First female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed

1945 – In the U.S., a nationwide midnight curfew went into effect.

1946 – 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia TN

1951 – The 22nd Amendment to the US Constitution, which limits a president to two terms of office, is ratified

1952 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed an atomic bomb.

1954 – Michigan Representative Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing “”obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy”” phonograph (rock & roll) records

1962 – US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation

1972 – Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek WV, kills 125

1975 – A televised kidney transplant is shown

1981 – 3 Anglican missionaries detained in Iran since August 1980 are released

1984 – US troops withdraw from Beirut. President Ronald Reagan had sent the troops as a peacekeeping force in August 1982.

1987 – The Tower Commission rebuked U.S. President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff in the wake of the Iran-Contra affair.

1991 – Gulf War: Coalition planes bomb Iraqi forces retreating from Kuwait, killing hundreds and creating the so-called ‘Highway of Death’

1992 – Irish Supreme Court rules 14-year-old rape victim may get an abortion

1993 – Six people were killed and more than a thousand injured when a van exploded in the parking garage beneath the World Trade Center in New York City. The bomb had been built by Islamic extremists.

1995 – Barings PLC collapsed after a securities dealer lost more than $1.4 billion by gambling on Tokyo stock prices. The company was Britain’s oldest investment banking firm.

1998 – In Oregon, a health panel rules that taxpayers must help to pay for doctor-assisted suicides.

2001 – A U.N. tribunal convicted Bosnian Croat political leader Dario Kordic and military commander Mario Cerkez of war crimes. They had ordered the systematic murder and persecution of Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war.

2002 – In Rome, Italy, a bomb exploded near the Interior Ministry. No injuries were reported.

2004 – The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.

2009 – The Pentagon reversed its 18-year policy of not allowing media to cover returning war dead. The reversal allowsd some media coverage with family approval.

2012 – 17-year old black teenager Trayvon Martin shot and killed by George Zimmerman in Sanford, Florida, highlighted issue of racial profiling in the US

2019 – Catholic Cardinal George Pell convicted of child sexual abuse in Melbourne, Australia. As treasurer at the Vatican, the highest-ranking church official to be convicted; overturned in 2020

2020 – Saudi Arabia bars overseas pilgrims from accessing religious sites of Mecca and Medina because of COVID-19 fears for 1st time in living memory

2021 – Amnesty International Report says that Eritrean troops might have committed crimes against humanity, killing hundreds of civilians, in attack on Ethiopian city of Aksum 28-29 November

2022 – Scientists publish findings into “lost” continent Balkanatolia, that linked southern Europe with Asia, providing passageway for animal migrations 35 to 38 million years ago

2023 – Large rallies in Mexico cities (organizers estimate 500,000) protest cuts to the National Electoral Institute (INE), seen as undermining electoral neutrality

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com




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