Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: FEB 8

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: FEB 8

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1918 – During World War I, “The Stars and Stripes” was published under orders from General John J. Pershing for the United States Army forces in France. It was published from February 8, 1918 to June 13, 1919.

 

0421 – Flavius Constantine becomes emperor Constantine III of West Roman empire

1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots was executed at suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England

1600 – Vatican convicts scholar and wayward friar Giordano Bruno of heresy and turn him over civil authorities upon his refusal to recant to mete out his punishment of death

1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England – revolt is quickly crushed.

1690 – French and Native American troops attack and destroy Schenectady settlement in New York Province, either killing or capturing its inhabitants, revenge for the Lachine massacre

1693 – A charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA.

1807 – Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon’s forces and Russian Empire – 1st battle Napoleon isn’t victorious

1837 – Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senat

1839 – Aroostook, New Brunswick American and Canadian loggers clash in Aroostook lumber war over undefined boundary with Maine

1861 – A Cheyenne delegation and some Arapaho leaders accepted a new settlement (Treaty of Fort Wise) with the U.S. Federal government. The deal ceded most of their land but secured a 600-square mile reservation and annuity payments.

1879 – Sanford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time, by dividing the world into 24 equal time zones, with standard time within each zone

1887 – The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.

1896 – The Western Conference was formed by representatives of Midwestern universities. The group changed its name to the Big 10 Conference.

1900 – In South Africa, British troops under Gen. Buller were beaten at Ladysmith. The British fled over the Tugela River.

1904 – The Russo-Japanese War began with Japan attacking Russian forces in Manchuria.

1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.

1911 – US helps overthrow President Miguel Divila of Honduras

1918 – During World War I, “The Stars and Stripes” was published under orders from General John J. Pershing for the United States Army forces in France. It was published from February 8, 1918 to June 13, 1919.

1920 – Swiss men vote against women’s suffrage

1922 – The White House began using radio after U.S. President Harding had it installed.

1924 – The gas chamber at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City is used for the first time.

1931 – Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000

1936 – The first National Football League draft was held. Jay Berwanger was the first to be selected. He went to the Philadelphia Eagles.

1940 – Germans set up the Lodz ghetto. 31,721 rooms contain more than 160,000 Jews by May 1

1942 – Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn’t oppose the US war effort”

1949 Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary sentenced for treason and life in prison

1955 – The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.

1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name “Mountbatten-Windsor”

1962 – Charonne massacre. 9 trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police

1963 – Lamar Hunt, owner of the American Football League franchise in Dallas, TX, moved the operation to Kansas City. The new team was named the Chiefs.

1968 – Three college students are killed in a clash with the South Carolina highway patrol, during a civil rights protest in Orangeburg.

1969 – The last issue of the “Saturday Evening Post” was published. It was revived in 1971 as a quarterly publication and later a 6 times a year.

1971 – The Nasdaq stock-market index debuted.

1973 – U.S. Senate leaders named seven members of a select committee to investigate the Watergate scandal.

1974 – The three-man crew of the Skylab space station returned to Earth after 84 days.

1978 – The U.S. Senate deliberations were broadcast on radio for the first time. The subject was the Panama Canal treaties.

1980 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced a plan to re-introduce draft registration.

1983 – Ariel Sharon resigns from Israeli government after an inquiry shows he was indirectly responsible for the killings of hundreds of people in 1982

1985 – “The Dukes of Hazzard” ended its 6-1/2 year run on CBS television.

1990 – 60 Minutes commentator Andy Rooney suspended by CBS for racial remarks attributed to him by a gay magazine

1992 – Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter

1993 – General Motors sued NBC, alleging that “Dateline NBC” had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that some GM pickups were prone to fires after certain types of crashes. The suit was settled the following day by NBC.

1994 – Ottawa slashes tobacco taxes to reduce rampant cigarette smuggling

1996 – The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.

2005 – Israel and Palestinians agree to cease-fire.

2006 – Palestinians attack Temporary International Presence in Hebron offices in Hebron; International observers end decade-long presence.

2008 – Nebraska bans electric chair as sole execution method

2013 – 29 people are killed and 69 are injured in a series of Iraq bombings

2018 – Bangladesh court sentences former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia to 5 years in prison for corruption

2019 – Amazon founder Jeff Bezos accuses The National Enquirer and its owner, American Media Inc, of blackmail over private messages detailing an extramarital affair

2020 – Gunman shoots and kills 29 people in a shopping center in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, with 57 injured. Shooter shot and killed by security forces a day later.

2021 – Martial law declared in Mandalay, Myanmar, amid continuing protests against the country’s military coup

2022 – Horn of Africa with 13 million people now facing humanitarian crisis amid drought where the rainy season has failed three years in a row, according to UN World Food Program

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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