Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 12



1943 – The U.S. Office of Price Administration announced that for the duration of the World War II, the name of the popular meat known by the German name “frankfurter” would be replaced with by “Victory Sausage”  http://www.theoldfoodie.com/2007/01/victory-sausages.html

0475 – Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.

1493 – Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily

1519 – Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I died.

1528 – Gustav I of Sweden crowned King of Sweden, rules for 37 years and becomes known as the “father of the nation”

1616 – Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco

1684 – French king Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon

1755 – Tsarina Elisabeth establishes first Russian University

1773 – The first public museum in America was established in Charleston, SC.

1816 – France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever

1839 – Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania

1872 – Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.

1875 – Kwang-su was made emperor of China.

1882 – Thomas Edison’s central station on Holborn Viaduct in London began operation.

1896 – At Davidson College, several students took x-ray photographs. They created the first X-ray photographs to be made in America.

1900 – Utopian Freeland Colony founded on Whidbey Island, in Washington State, US

1908 – A wireless message was sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

1913 – After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin (“man of steel”) in a letter to the newspaper Social Democrat

1915 – The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.

1918 – Finland’s “Mosaic Confessors” law comes into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens

1932 – Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.

1933 – US Congress recognize independence Philippines

1938 – Austria recognized the Franco government in Spain.

1940 – Soviet bombers raided cities in Finland.

1942 – U.S. President Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.

1943 – The Office of Price Administration announced that standard frankfurters/hot dogs/wieners would be replaced by ‘Victory Sausages.’   http://www.theoldfoodie.com/2007/01/victory-sausages.html

1945 – During World War II, Soviet forces began a huge offensive against the Germans in Eastern Europe.

1948 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants because of race.

1950 – USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage

1952 – University of Tennessee admits its 1st black student, Gene Mitchell Gray, as a graduate student in chemistry

1953 – 9 “Jewish” physicians arrested for “terrorist activities” in Moscow

1962 – Operation Ranch Hand begins, a US Air Force operation to spray South Vietnamese forests with defoliants such as Agent Orange

1964 – Leftist rebels in Zanzibar began their successful revolt against the government and a republic was proclaimed.

1966 – U.S. President Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended.

1967 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.

1970 – The breakaway state of Biafra capitulated and the Nigerian civil war came to an end.

1971 – Harrisburg Six: Fed grand jury indicts Reverand Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

1973 – Yassar Arafat was re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.

1975 – Chrysler Corp offers first car rebates

1979 – Los Angeles’s Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham

1986 – Space shuttle Columbia blasted off with a crew that included the first Hispanic-American in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.

1989 – Ex-dictator of Uganda Idi Amin expelled from Zaire

1990 – Civil Rights activist Reverand Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Brooklyn

1991 – The U.S. Congress passed a resolution authorizing President Bush to use military power to force Iraq out of Kuwait.

1992 – Algeria’s General elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the first round

1995 – Malcolm X’s daughter, Qubilah Shabazz, is arrested for conspiring to kill Louis Farrakhan

1998 – Tyson Foods Inc. pled guilty to giving $12,000 to former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy. Tyson was fined $6 million.

2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 ruling, gave police broad authority to stop and question people who run at the sight of an officer.

2005 – NASA launched “Deep Impact”. The spacecraft was planned to impact on Comet Tempel 1 after a six-month, 268 million-mile journey.

2006 – A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims

2010 – An earthquake kills 316,000 in Haiti, Most of the country’s capital, Port-au-Prince, was destroyed during the disaster.

2013 – A failed attempt to rescue a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia, results in 18 deaths

2019 – 18 year-old Rahaf Mohammed al-Qunun arrives in Toronto, Canada, as a refugee, via Thailand, after escaping family abuse in Saudi Arabia

2021 – India’s Supreme Court puts on hold three controversial new farm laws that ignited weeks of protests by farmers in Delhi

2022 – UK PM Boris Johnson admits he attended a “bring your own booze” staff party in May 2020 during the country’s first lockdown

2023 – US Attorney General Merrick Garland appoints a special counsel to investigate President Joe Biden’s handling of classified documents

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com



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