Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 17



1934 – Ferdinand Porsche submitted a design for a people’s car, a “Volkswagen,” to the new German Reich government.

0038 BC – Octavian marries Livia Drusilla.

1287 – King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca.

1377 – The Papal See was transferred from Avignon in France back to Rome.

1501 – Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna

1524 – Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano’s sets sail aboard French ship La Dauphine to find a passage to China – finds North America instead

1562 – French Protestants were recognized under the Edict of St. Germain.

1595 – French king Henri IV declares war on Spain

1648 – England’s Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War.

1746 – Battle of Falkirk, Scotland-Edward I defeats & massacres Scots

1773 – Captain Cook’s Resolution became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle.

1775 – 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Poland

1779 – Captain James Cook’s last notation in Discovery’s ship’s log

1799 – Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a handful of other patriots was shot, after that an attempted revolt went awry

1819 – Simn Bolvar proclaims the Republic of Colombia.

1821 – Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 US families to settle in Texas. After his death his son Stephen leads a colony to Texas.

1852 – The independence of the Transvaal Boers was recognized by Britain.

1873 – Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War

1874 – Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction

1882 – Thomas Edison’s exhibit opened the Crystal Palace Exhibition in London.

1893 – The Kingdom of Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown when a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.

1900 – Mormon Brigham Roberts was denied a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives for his practicing of polygamy.

1911 – Failed assassination attempt on French Prime Minister Aristide Briand in the French Assembly

1912 – English explorer Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole. Norwegian Roald Amundsen had beaten him there by one month. Scott and his party died during the return trip.

1913 – All partner interests in 36 Golden Rule Stores were consolidated and incorporated in Utah into one company. The new corporation was the J.C. Penney Company.

1917 – The United States bought 50 of the Virgin Islands in the West Indies from Denmark for $25 million.

1929 – King Inayatullah of Afghanistan forced to abdicate after a coup; he ruled for only three days.

1934 – Ferdinand Porsche submitted a design for a people’s car, a “Volkswagen,” to the new German Reich government.

1941 – Kuomintang forces under the order of Chiang Kai-Shek opened fire at communist force, Chinese Civil War resumes after WWII.

1945 – Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody. Wallenberg was credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews.

1946 – The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.

1948 – Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in New York City NY

1950 – The Great Brinks Robbery – 11 thieves steal more than $2 million from an armored car Company’s offices in Boston, Massachusetts.

1955 – USS Nautilus (SSN-571), the first nuclear-powered submarine, is commissioned and sends the message “underway on nuclear power”

1959 – Senegal and the French Sudan joined to form the Federal State of Mali.

1961 – In his farewell address, U.S. President Eisenhower warned against the rise of “the military-industrial complex.”

1966 – A B-52 carrying four H-bombs collided with a refuelling tanker. The bombs were released and eight crewmembers were killed.

1977 – Double murderer Gary Gilmore became the first to be executed in the U.S. in a decade. The firing squad took place at Utah State Prison.

1983 – Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians

1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws

1985 – British Telecom announces the retirement of the United Kingdom’s famous red telephone boxes.

1987 – US President Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran

1989 – Five children are shot to death and another 30 wounded at Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton, California, by a gunman who then kills himself.

1990 – A study concluded it is not oat bran itself, but the substitution of oat bran or other foods for high-fat foods which cuts blood cholesterol

1991 – Coalition airstrikes began against Iraq after negotiations failed to get Iraq to retreat from the country of Kuwait.

1992 – An IRA bomb, placed next to a remote country road in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, killed seven building workers and injured seven others.

1997 – Israel gave over 80% of Hebron to Palestinian rule, but held the remainder where several hundred Jewish settlers lived among 20,000 Palestinians.

1998 – U.S. President Clinton gave his deposition in the Paula Jones sexual harassment lawsuit against him. He was the first U.S. President to testify as a defendant in a criminal or civil lawsuit.

2000 – Almost 50,000 people marched in Columbia, S.C., to protest the flying of the Confederate battle flag over the state Capitol.

2001 – Congo’s President Laurent Kabila was shot and killed during a coup attempt. Congolese officials temporarily placed Kabila’s son in charge of the government.

2002 – It was announced that Microsoft had signed a joint venture agreement to produce software with two partners in China. The two partners were Beijin Centergate Technologies (Holding) Co. and the Stone Group.

2007 – Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to N. Korea nuclear testing

2013 – 106 people are massacred by Syrian army forces in Homs

2014 – 21 people are killed in a suicide bombing in a restaurant in Kabul, Afghanistan

2017 – US President Barack Obama commutes WikiLeaks discloser Chelsea Manning’s prison sentence from 35 to 7 years

2019 – Indian spiritual leader Ram Rahim Singh and two aides sentenced to life in prison for murdering journalist who exposed sexual abuse at the sect

2021 – Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny is arrested immediately on his return to Russia after recovering from nerve-agent poisoning

2023 – Italy’s most wanted mobster Matteo Messina Denaro arrested at a private clinic in Palermo after being on the run for 30 years

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com



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