1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
0041 – Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after the latter’s assassination by officers of the Praetorian Guard
1076 – Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
1458 – Matthias I Corvinus chosen King of Hungary
1534 – Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
1634 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
1639 – Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
1648 – Lord Baltimore’s representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote
1656 – 1st Jewish doctor in North American colonies, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
1722 – Tsar Peter the Great begins civil system
1776 – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga
1788 – French La Pérouse expedition arrives in Botany Bay, Australia, meeting the newly arrived “First Fleet” penal colony
1847 – 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Colonel Price
1848 – James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter’s Mill in northern California. The discovery led to the gold rush of ’49.
1857 – University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
1862 – Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.
1874 – Gen J van Swieten conquers Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die
1901 – Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
1908 – In England, the first Boy Scout troop was organized by Robert Baden-Powell.
1916 – The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
1922 – Christian K. Nelson patented the Eskimo Pie.
1923 – Aztec Ruins National Monument in New Mexico established
1924 – The Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad. The name has since been changed back to St. Petersburg.
1935 – Krueger Brewing Company placed the first canned beer on sale in Richmond, VA.
1943 – Jewish patients, nurses and doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
1943 – U.S. President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
1946 – The United Nations General Assembly passes its first resolution, Resolution 1 was passed to found the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC).
1952 – Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base
1952 – Vincent Massey was the first Canadian to be appointed governor-general of Canada.
1955 – The rules committee of major league baseball announced a plan to strictly enforce the rule that required a pitcher to release the ball within 20 seconds after taking his position on the mound.
1962 – 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany
1969 – Students protest the erection of steel gates around the London School of Economics
1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-soldier-found-hiding-on-guam#:~:text=After%2028%20years%20of%20hiding,after%20the%20Spanish%2DAmerican%20War.
1972 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.
1977 – Massacre of Atocha in Madrid: Five labor lawyers murdered by fascists in Madrid during the Spanish transition to democracy
1978 – A nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrated. The radioactive debris was scattered over parts of Canada’s Northwest Territory.
1980 – The United States announced intentions to sell arms to China.
1984 – The Apple Macintosh computer goes on sale, The “Mac” was the first commercially successful personal computer using a graphical user interface and a mouse.
1986 – The Voyager 2 space probe flew past Uranus. The probe came within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet of the solar system.
1987 – In Lebanon, gunmen kidnapped educators Alann Steen, Jesse Turner, Robert Polhill and Mitheleshwar Singh. They were all later released.
1989 – Ted Bundy, the confessed serial killer, was put to death in Florida’s electric chair for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.
1990 – Japan launched the first probe to be sent to the Moon since 1976. A small satellite was placed in lunar orbit.
1995 – The prosecution gave its opening statement at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1996 – Polish Premier Jozef Oleksy resigned due to allegations that he had spied for Moscow.
1997 – The Swiss government and several banks and businesses agree to create a memorial fund for victims of the Holocaust
2000 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a Missouri law that limited the contributions that individuals could donate to a candidate during a single election.
2001 – In Colorado Springs, CO, Patrick Murphy Jr. and Donald Newbury were taken into custody after a 5-minute phone interview was granted with a TV station. They were the remaining fugitives of the “Texas 7.”
2002 – The U.S. Congress began a hearing on the collapse of Enron Corp.
2002 – John Walker Lindh appeared in court for the first time concerning the charges that he conspired to kill Americans abroad and aided terrorist groups. Lindh had been taken into custody by U.S. Marines in Afghanistan.
2003 – The U.S. Department of Homeland Security began operations under Tom Ridge. https://www.dhs.gov/thomas-j-ridge
2011 – At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.
2017 – President Trump withdraws the US from the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)
2018 – Former US Olympic team doctor Larry Nassar found guilty of molesting over 150 girls, sentenced up to 175 years in prison
2018 – UK charity Presidents Club forced to close after revelations of sexual harassment at event revealed by the “Financial Times”
2019 – US government recognizes Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido as the country’s President
2022 – Coup in Burkina Faso as military announce on TV they have overthrown President Roch Kaboré after his failure to stem an Islamic insurgency
REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com