Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 3

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 3

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1938 – The March of Dimes was established by U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The organization fights poliomyelitis. The original name of the organization was the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.

0936 – Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII

1431 – Joan of Arc handed over to the bishop

1496 – References in Leonardo da Vinci notebooks suggested that he tested his flying machine. The test didn’t succeed and he didn’t try to fly again for several years.

1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther.

1653 – The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India

1667 – Russia & Poland sign Truce of Androsovo

1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont

1777 – The Battle of Princeton took place in the War of Independence, in which George Washington defeated the British forces, led by Cornwallis.

1815 – By secret treaty, Austria, Britain, and France formed a defensive alliance against Prusso-Russian plans to solve the Saxon and Polish problems.

1823 – Stephen F. Austin received a grant from the Mexican government and began colonization in the region of the Brazos River in Texas.

1825 – Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community

1833 – Britain seized control of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic. About 150 years later, Argentina seized the islands from the British, but Britain took them back after a 74-day war.

1865 – Con Orem & Hugh O’Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match

1868 – The Shogunate was abolished in Japan and Meiji dynasty was restored.

1871 – Henry W. Bradley patented oleomargarine.

1888 – The drinking straw was patented by Marvin C. Stone.

1910 – British miners strike for 8 hour working day

1918 – US employment service opens as a unit of Department of Labor

1919 – The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization

1924 – British archaeologist Howard Carter uncovers the mummified remains of Tutankhamen, boy-king of Egypt, in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.

1925 – In Italy, Mussolini announced that he would take dictatorial powers.

1926 – Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator

1932 – Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.

1938 – The March of Dimes was established by U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The organization fights poliomyelitis. The original name of the organization was the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.

1943 – Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa

1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “”pappy”” Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero

1946 – As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles “Lucky” Luciano’s pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

1947 – U.S. Congressional proceedings were televised for the first time. Viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York City saw some of the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress.

1951 – 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians “exposed” as British/US agents

1953 – Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, became the first mother-son combination to serve at the same time in the U.S. Congress.

1959 – In the U.S., Alaska became the 49th state.

1961 – The U.S. severed diplomatic relations with Cuba.

1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicated Cuban prime minister Fidel Castro.

1967 – Jack Ruby died in a Dallas, TX, hospital.

1973 – The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) sold the New York Yankees to a 12-man syndicate headed by George Steinbrenner for $10 million.

1977 – Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs incorporate Apple Computer, Inc

1980 – Conservationist Joy Adamson, author of “Born Free,” was killed in northern Kenya by a servant.

1984 – Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson

1985 – Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews

1988 – Margaret Thatcher became the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th century.

1989 – Jim & Tammy Bakker return to TV

1990 – Ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrendered to U.S. forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican’s diplomatic mission…

1991 – The British government announced that seven Iraqi diplomats, another embassy staff member and 67 other Iraqis were being expelled from Britain.

1993 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in Moscow.

1994 – Millions of people from the former Apartheid Homelands gain South African citizenship

1995 – WHO reported that the cumulative total of officially reported cases of AIDS had risen to 1,025,073 in 192 countries as at the end of 1994.

1998 – China announced that it would spend $27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys.

1999 – Israeli authorities detained, and later expelled, 14 members of Concerned Christians. Israili officials claimed that the Denver, CO-based cult was plotting violence in Jerusalem to bring about the Second Coming of Christ.

2001 – The ATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms) charged the “Texas 7” with weapons violations. An autopsy showed that Office Aubrey Hawkins, killed by the convicts, had been shot 11 times and run over with a vehicle.

2004 – NASA’s Spirit rover landed on Mars. The craft was able to send back black and white images three hours after landing.

2009 – The Bitcoin network is created as the first block of the digital currency is mined by a person or group of people using the name Satoshi Nakamoto

2013 – 27 Shiite pilgrims are killed and 60 are injured by a suicide bombing in Musayyib, Iraq

2014 – Tommy Lynn Sells is executed at Texas State Penitentiary, Huntsville, for the murder of nine-year-old Mary Perez, thought to have committed 21 more murders

2015 – Over 2,000 people are killed in north-east Nigeria after Boko Haram militants raze the town of Baga

2018 – Lawyers of US President Donald Trump try to stop the publication of book on Trump’s administration “Fire and Fury” by Michael Wolff

2019 – The Chinese probe Chang’e 4 became the first human-made object to land on the far side of the Moon.

2020 – US drone strike kills top Iranian security and intelligence commander, Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani outside Baghdad airport in Iraq

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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