Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 4



1965 – In his State of the Union address, U.S. President Johnson proclaimed the building of the “Great Society.”  https://www.c-span.org/video/?67859-1/1965-state-union-address

0046 BC – Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina.

0871 – Ethelred of Wessex is defeated by Danish forces at Reading, gains a brilliant victory 4 days later at Ashdown, is defeated January 22 at Basing, triumphs again March 2 at Marton in Wiltshire, but dies in April

1490 – Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered as guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.

1493 – Columbus left new world on return from first voyage

1570 – Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City’s only physician, Joost Sweiter, “because he is a Jew”

1642 – King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England’s slide into civil war.

1656 – Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas, laden with gold and jewellery bound for Spain, sinks off the coast of the Bahamas, only 45 of 650 people survive

1725 – Benjamin Franklin arrives in London

1762 – Seven Years’ War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples

1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.

1884 – The socialist Fabian Society was founded in London.

1885 – The first appendectomy is performed by Dr. William W. Grant of Davenport, Iowa

1893 – US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy

1896 – Utah became the 45th U.S. state.

1902 – France’s Panama Canal Co. offers to sell its interests to the United States and reduces its asking price from $109 million to $40 million

1903 – Topsy the elephant is electrocuted by her owners at Luna Park, Coney Island and filmed by Edison Manufacturing movie company

1904 – In ‘Gonzales v Williams’, the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted

1923 – Lenin’s “Political Testament” calls for removal of Stalin

1925 – French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US “Every day in every way I am getting better & better

1936 – The first pop music chart based on national sales was published by “Billboard” magazine.

1939 – Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration

1941 – The animated short Elmer’s Pet Rabbit is released: it marks the second appearance of Bugs Bunny and the first to have his name on a title card.

1944 – The attack on Monte Cassino was launched by the British Fifth Army in Italy.

1948 – Britain granted independence to Burma.

1951 – During the Korean conflict, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces captured the city of Seoul.

1957 – “Collier’s” magazine was published for the last time. The periodical was published for 69 years.

1958 – The Soviet satellite Sputknik I fell to the earth from its orbit. The craft had been launched on October 4, 1957.

1961 – Longest recorded strike ends as the Danish barbers’ assistants end a 33 year strike

1963 – Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon

1965 – In his State of the Union address, U.S. President Johnson proclaimed the building of the “Great Society.”  https://www.c-span.org/video/?67859-1/1965-state-union-address

1969 – France begins arms embargo against Israel

1972 – Rose Heilbron became the first woman judge in Britain at the Old Bailey, London.

1974 – U.S. President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.

1975 – NHL Boston Bruins Dave Forbes becomes 1st athlete indicted for criminal assault for excessive violence during play; stick butt-end the face of Minnesota North Star Henry Boucha caused permanent vision damage; court case ends in hung jury, and a civil settlement is eventually reached

1979 – An out-of-court settlement awards $675,000 to the victims of the Kent State massacre of 1970

1981 – The Broadway show “Frankenstein” lost an estimated $2 million, when it opened and closed on the same night.

1983 – Criminal Code changes replace rape with 3 categories of sexual assault; equal protection to men and women; women allowed to charge their husbands with sexual assault.

1989 – Second Gulf of Sidra incident: a pair of Libyan MiG-23 “”Floggers”” are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation.

1991 – The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians in the occupied territories.

1997 – The Greek Cypriot government signed an agreement to buy S-300 surface-to-air missiles from Russia.

1998 – Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria; over 170 are killed in three remote villages.

1999 – Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura was sworn in as Minnesota’s 37th governor.

2000 – A day after accepting the head coaching position at the New York Jets, Bill Belichick resigns and moves to the New England Patriots

2007 – Nancy Pelosi became Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. She was the first woman to hold the position.

2010 – The Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention removed HIV infection from its list of communicable diseases of public health significance.

2013 – 8 people are killed by a gunman in Kawit, the Philippines

2021 – Prime Minister Boris Johnson announces new national lockdown for England following Scotland, as COVID-19 variant spreads rapidly with hospitalizations now higher than the first wave

2022 – Canadian government announces US$31.5 billion settlement to fix and compensate for Indigenous child welfare system, largest in its history

2023 – 39 people killed in car bomb attack in Hiraan province, Somalia, with al-Qaeda linked group al-Shabab claiming responsibility

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com



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