1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany.

    1533 Henry VIII, who divorced his wife and became head of the church of England, was excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Clement VII.

    1786 Morocco agrees to stop attacking American ships in the Mediterranean for a payment of $10,000.

    1798 US Marine Corps created by an act of Congress

    1804 Former vice president Aaron Burr fatally wounded former secretary of the treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Hamilton died the following afternoon.

    1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

    1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States

    1960 To Kill a Mockingbird is first published as Atticus Harper Lee’s classic and Pulitzer Prize-winning book is about racial inequality during the Great Depression.

    1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)

    1972 American forces break the 95-day siege at An Loc in Vietnam.

    1975 Archaeologists unearth an army of 8,000 life-size clay figures created more than 2,000 years ago for the Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

    1977 Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr

    1979 US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia & disintegrates

    1985 Dr. H. Harlan Stone announced that he had used zippers for stitches on 28 patients. The zippers were used when he thought he may have to re-operate.

    1989 President Ronald Reagan sportscasts the All Star Game

    1995 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men are massacred when Bosnian Serbs overrun the UN ‘safe haven’ of Srebrenica

    2006 Over 200 people were killed and about 700 people were injured in a series of bombings on Mumbai city trains.

    2011 The News of the World, a British newspaper owned by Rupert Murdoch, closes after several allegations that the paper’s journalists hacked into voicemail accounts belonging to not only a 13-year-old murder victim, but also the relatives of soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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