TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON – JULY 16
622 Muslim Era begins – Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
1054 Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during liturgy. Often dated start of the East-West Schism.
1519 Public debate between Martin Luther and theologian Johann Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, during which Luther denies the divine right of the Pope
1774 Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.
1790 The District of Columbia was established as the seat of the United States government.
1798 US Public Health Service established & US Marine Hospital authorized
1809 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva led by Pedro Domingo Murillo, the 1st independent government in Spanish America
1918 Czar Nicholas and his family are murdered by Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg, Russia.
1936 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
1945 The United States detonates the first atomic bomb in a test at Alamogordo, N. M.
1951 The Catcher in the Rye is published
1969 Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, heading for a landing on the moon.
1979 Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq.
1995 Amazon.com Sells its First Book
1999 A private plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr. is lost over the waters off Martha’s Vineyard, Mass.
** history.net, onthisday.com, infoplease.com, timeanddate.com, thepeoplehistory.com, on-this-day.com **