Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JUNE 23



1961 – The Antarctic Treaty comes into force – The treaty was the first arms control agreement signed during the Cold War. It sets Antarctica aside as a scientific preserve and prohibits military activities on the continent.

0930 – World’s oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established

1532 – Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V

1547 – Champion of the Protestant Reformation, Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse is captured and taken to south Germany

1661 – Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

1683 – William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty “not sworn to, nor broken”

1700 – Russia gave up its Black Sea fleet as part of a truce with the Ottoman Empire.

1713 – The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada

1789 – French King Louis XVI rejects the demands of the Third Estate, calling itself the National Assembly, during the opening stages of the French Revolution

1794 – Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

1819 – First editions of “The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.” by Washington Irving released, featuring story “Rip Van Winkle”

1836 – The U.S. Congress approved the Deposit Act, which contained a provision for turning over surplus federal revenue to the states.

1848 – A bloody insurrection of workers in Paris erupted.

1865 – Confederate General Stand Watie, who was also a Cherokee chief, surrendered the last sizable Confederate army at Fort Towson, in the Oklahoma Territory.

1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes patents the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful of its kind

1894 – The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is founded – The IOC is responsible for organizing the Olympic Games and similar events. The committee was established at the initiative of French educator, Pierre de Coubertin.

1898 – Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President

1902 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy renewed the Triple Alliance for a 12 year duration.

1934 – Italy gained the right to colonize Albania after defeating the country.

1939 – US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard

1943 – British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores

1947 – The U.S. Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

1951 – Soviet U.N. delegate Jacob Malik proposed cease-fire discussions in the Korean War.

1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career history of ultrasounds

1960 – 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

1961 – The Antarctic Treaty comes into force – The treaty was the first arms control agreement signed during the Cold War. It sets Antarctica aside as a scientific preserve and prohibits military activities on the continent.

1963 – The Detroit March to Freedom occurs with 125,000 people participating, the largest civil rights demonstration in America up to that point

1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.

1967 – US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd from Connecticut (D). for misusing campaign funds

1969 – 24 Africans from the Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Province, appear in the Grahamstown Supreme Court on charges under the Sabotage Act; alleged they had conspired or incited others to kill White people or police

1972 – U.S. President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI’s Watergate investigation.

1972 – US President Nixon signs act barring sex discrimination in college sports

1982 – US pass the Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)

1983 – US Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions

1985 – Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die

1986 – Tip O’Neill refuses to let President Reagan address House

1993 – Nigeria’s military dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls results of presidential elections and halts a return to democracy

1994 – Opération Turquoise: 2,500 French troops head into Rwanda to protect civilians under the mandate of the United Nations

2000 – The bulk ore carrier MV Treasure sinks off the western coast of South Africa, soiling more than 19 000 penguins; this resulted in the world’s largest ever rescue of birds from an oiling event

2004 – The U.S. proposed that North Korea agree to a series of nuclear disarmament measures over a three-month period in exchange for economic benefits.

2012 – 76 monks are hospitalized in Thailand following an attack by a swarm of bees

2015 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey completed its 60,000th orbit around Mars. The spacecraft entered orbit on October 23, 2001.

2016 – Ceasefire agreement signed between Colombian government and Farc rebels – ending more than 50 years of conflict

2016 – The UK votes to leave the European Union – Just over half of the electorate voted for “Brexit”, Britain’s exit from the EU. The UK had been part of the union since 1973.

2017 – Saudi Arabia and allies, Egypt, UAE and Bahrain issue list of 13 conditions to Qatar in return for lifting sanctions, including closing Al Jazeera TV

2018 – Explosion at a rally in Addis Ababa after speech by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed kills two and injures 150

2021 – US Supreme Court rules in favor of teen kicked off cheerleading team after profane social media post, saying school violated her free speech

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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