Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JUNE 27

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JUNE 27

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1950 – Two days after North Korea invaded South Korea, U.S. President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict. The United Nations Security Council had asked for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.

0363 – The death of Roman Emperor Julian brought an end to the Pagan Revival.

1542 – Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

1693 – “The Ladies’ Mercury” was published by John Dunton in London. It was the first women’s magazine and contained a “question and answer” column that became known as a “problem page.”

1743 – War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

1746 – Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie, disguised as Betty Burke an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye

1787 – Edward Gibbon completed “The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.” It was published the following May.

1778 – Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure

1801 – British forces defeated the French and took control of Cairo, Egypt.

1857 – James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

1871 – The yen became the new form of currency in Japan.

1890 – Canadian boxer George Dixon becomes first black world champion when he stops English bantamweight champion Edwin “Nunc” Wallace in 18 rounds in London, England

1893 – The New York stock market crashed. By the end of the year 600 banks and 74 railroads had gone out of business.

1914 – US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia

1923 – Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch was wounded by Serb attackers in Belgrade.

1929 – President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

1924 – Democrats offered Mrs. Leroy Springs for vice presidential nomination. She was the first woman considered for the job.

1940 – Robert Pershing Wadlow was measured by Dr. Cyril MacBryde and Dr. C. M. Charles. They recorded his height at 8′ 11.1.” He was only 22 at the time of his death on July 15, 1940.

1942 – The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from a submarine on New York’s Long Island.

1944 – During World War II, American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the German army.

1949 – “Captain Video and His Video Rangers” premiered on the Dumont Television Network.

1950 – Two days after North Korea invaded South Korea, U.S. President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict. The United Nations Security Council had asked for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.

1954 – The world’s first atomic power station opened at Obninsk, near Moscow.

1954 – CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala

1955 – The state of Illinois enacted the first automobile seat belt legislation.

1961 – Arthur Michael Ramsey was enthroned as the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury.

1962 – Ross Perot begins Electronic Data Systems

1967 – The world’s first cash dispenser was installed at Barclays Bank in Enfield, England. The device was invented by John Sheppard-Barron. The machine operated on a voucher system and the maximum withdrawal was $28.

1967 – Two hundred people were arrested during a race riot in Buffalo, NY.

1969 – Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village, clashed with police. This incident is considered to be the birth of the homosexual rights movement.

1970 – Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists

1973 – Former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an “enemies list” that was kept by the Nixon White House.

1973 – Uruguayan president Juan Maria Bordaberry dissolves parliament and heads a coup d’état – beginning of the civic-military dictatorship

1976 – Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers, members of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany

1977 – 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise

1979 – Supreme Court rules employers may use quotas to help minorities

1980 – U.S. President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.

1981 – Ali Khamenei narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by the Mujaheddin-e Khalq, when a bomb concealed in a tape recorder, explodes on a desk in front of him

1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that individual colleges could make their own TV package deals.

1984 – The Federal Communications Commission moved to deregulate U.S. commercial TV by lifting most programming requirements and ending day-part restrictions on advertising.

1985 – Route 66 was officially removed from the United States Highway System.

1985 – The U.S. House of Representatives voted to limit the use of combat troops in Nicaragua.

1986 – US informs NZ it will not defend it against attack

1986 – The 1980s U.S. intervention in Nicaragua is declared illegal. The International Court of Justice condemned the U.S. paramilitary campaign to overthrow the left-wing Nicaraguan government. The social democratic Sandinistas had begun to redistribute the country’s wealth and improve education.

1991 – Yugoslav troops invade Slovenia. The attack, which marked the beginning of the Ten-Day War, followed Slovenia’s declaration of independence. It was the first of the Yugoslav Wars, a number of ethnic conflicts leading to the break-up of Yugoslavia and resulting in at least 140,000 deaths.

1994 – Aerosmith become first major band to let fans download a full new track free from the internet

1995 – Qatar’s Crown Prince Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani ousted his father in a bloodless palace coup.

1998 – In a live joint news conference in China U.S. President Clinton and President Jiang Zemin offered an uncensored airing of differences on human rights, freedom, trade and Tibet.

2002 – In the U.S., the Securities and Exchange Commission required companies with annual sales of more than $1.2 billion to submit sworn statements backing up the accuracy of their financial reports.

2003 – The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolls almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day.

2005 – In Alaska’s Denali National Park, a roughly 70-million year old dinosaur track was discovered. The track was form a three-toed Cretaceous period dinosaur.

2016 – US Supreme Court strikes down Texas law restricting abortion 5-3

2017 – Petya malware cyber-attack affects organisations in more than 64 countries

2018 – Complex carbon-based molecules found by Cassini spacecraft on Saturn moon Enceladus, previously only ever found on earth and meteorites in research published in “Nature”

2019 – US Supreme Court rules 2020 census cannot contain a question about citizenship in a 5-4 ruling

2019 – US Supreme Court rules the Constitution doesn’t prohibit partisan gerrymandering, allowing a ruling party to redraw electoral boundaries

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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