Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: MAR 16



1968 – U.S. troops in Vietnam destroyed a village consisting mostly of women and children. The event is known as the My-Lai massacre. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/my-lai-massacre-takes-place-in-vietnam

597 BC – Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king

1190 – The Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England.

1249 – The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany

1322 – The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence

1345 – Holy spirit glides above fire: “the miracle of Amsterdam” (legend)

1517 – Pope Leo X holds the last session of the Fifth Council of the Lateran, convoked to restore peace between Catholic rulers and assert the authority of Pope

1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives.

1527 – The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha in India.

1621 – Samoset walked into the settlement of Plymouth Colony, later Plymouth, MA. Samoset was a native from the Monhegan tribe in Maine who spoke English.

1690 – French King Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland

1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29

1802 – The U.S. Congress established the West Point Military Academy in New York.

1827 – First US newspaper, “Freedom’s Journal” owned and operated by African Americans begins publishing in New York City

1836 – The Republic of Texas approved a constitution.

1850 – The novel “The Scarlet Letter,” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was published for the first time.

1861 – Edward Clark becomes Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who is evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy   https://blog.chron.com/txpotomac/2010/03/today-in-texas-history-gov-sam-houston-ousted/

1865 – Union troops push past Confederate blockers at the Battle of Averasborough, N.C.

1871 – The State of Delaware enacted the first fertilizer law.

1882 – The U.S. Senate approved a treaty allowing the United States to join the Red Cross.

1900 – Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur

1907 – The world’s largest cruiser, the British Invincible was completed at Glasgow.

1909 – Cuba suffered its first revolt only six weeks after the inauguration of Gomez.

1913 – The 15,000-ton battleship Pennsylvania was launched at Newport News, VA.

1915 – The Federal Trade Commission began operation.

1917 – Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne. His brother Mikhail was named as his successor instead of Alexei. Mikhail, however, deferred acceptance of the throne until ratification by an elected assembly. He was never confirmed as emperor and, following the Russian Revolution of 1917, he was imprisoned and murdered.  https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/czar-nicholas-ii-crowned

1921 – Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement

1926 – Physicist Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fuel rocket.

1935 – Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament and violated the Versailles Treaty.

1939 – Germany occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia.

1945 – Iwo Jima was declared secure by the Allies. However, small pockets of Japanese resistance still existed.

1946 – Algerian nationalist leader Ferhat Abbas was freed after spending a year in jail.

1946 – India called British Premier Attlee’s independence off contradictory and a propaganda move.

1947 – Martial law was withdrawn in Tel Aviv.

1955 – NHL President Clarence Campbell suspends Montreal Canadiens superstar Maurice “Rocket” Richard for the remainder of the season after he viciously attacked an opponent; Riots ensued in Montreal

1964 – Paul Hornung and Alex Karras were reinstated to the NFL after an 11-month suspension for betting on football games.

1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson submitted a $1 billion war on poverty program to Congress.

1966 – Gemini 8 launched with Neil Armstrong and David R. Scott aboard, conducts the 1st docking of two spacecraft in orbit, flight aborted after critical system failure with the crew returned safely to Earth

1968 – U.S. troops in Vietnam destroyed a village consisting mostly of women and children. The event is known as the My-Lai massacre.   https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/my-lai-massacre-takes-place-in-vietnam

1972 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono are served with deportation papers by US Immigration Department

1973 – OPEC discusses raising prices to offset decline of U.S. dollar value

1973 – Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in return for an assured 20-year supply of Iranian oil

1977 – US President Jimmy Carter pleads for a Palestinian homeland

1978 – Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas. Moro was later murdered by the group.

1982 – Russia announced they would halt their deployment of new nuclear missiles in Western Europe.

1984 – Mozambique and South Africa signed a pact banning the support for one another’s internal enemies.

1984 – William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen. He died while in captivity.

1985 – Terry Anderson, an Associated Press newsman, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released in December 4, 1991.

1988 – Indictments were issued for Lt. Colonel Oliver North, Vice Admiral John Poindexter of the National Security Council, and two others for their involvement in the Iran-Contra affair.

1988 – Mickey Thompson and his wife Trudy were shot to death in their driveway. Thompson, known as the “Speed King,” set nearly 500 auto speed endurance records including being the first person to travel more than 400 mph on land.

1988 – A poison gas attack kills 5000 civilians in the Kurdish town of Halabjah, The war crime was in all likelihood executed on the orders of Iraqi despot Saddam Hussein.

1989 – In the U.S.S.R., the Central Committee approved Gorbachev’s agrarian reform plan.

1989 – The Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee approved large-scale agricultural reforms and elected the party’s 100 members to the Congress of People’s Deputies.

1994 – Tonya Harding pled guilty in Portland, OR, to conspiracy to hinder prosecution for covering up the attack on her skating rival Nancy Kerrigan. She was fined $100,000. She was also banned from amateur figure skating.

1994 – Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium.

1998 – Rwanda began mass trials for 1994 genocide with 125,000 suspects for 500,000 murders.

1999 – The 20 members of the European Union’s European Commission announced their resignations amid allegations of corruption and financial mismanagement.

2003 – The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.

2005 – Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.

2014 – Voters in Crimea vote overwhelmingly to leave Ukraine and rejoin Russia amid international condemnation of its design

2016 – US college student Otto Warmbier is sentenced to 15 years hard labour for trying to steal a political poster, in Pyongyang, North Korea

2017 – US President Donald Trump’s second travel ban is blocked by 2 federal courts

2019 – Beached dead whale found to have 88 pounds of plastic inside it, including 40 pounds of plastic bags, in Mabini, Philippines

2020 – COVID-19: France orders a national lockdown, US recommends meetings 10 or less, 6 counties in San Francisco and surrounding counties told to “shelter in place”

2021 – Declassified US intelligence report says Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized efforts to aid re-election of Donald Trump

2021 – Israeli researchers reveal re-discovery of 2,000 year-old Dead Sea Scrolls, 1st found in 60 years, left by Jews fleeing Romans in “Horror Cave”, Israel

2022 – British-Iranians Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe and Anoosheh Ashoori return to the UK after being detained for five and six years on spying charges

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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