0044 Julius Caesar is assassinated by high-ranking Roman Senators.

    221 Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself Emperor of Shu-Han, claiming legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty

    1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World.

    1783 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.

    1820 Maine is admitted as the 23rd state.

    1827 Freedom’s Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes

    1867 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university

    1892 New York State unveils the new automatic ballot voting machine.

    1903 The British complete the conquest of Nigeria.

    1904 Three hundred Russians are killed as the Japanese shell Port Arthur in Korea.

    1916 General John Pershing and his 15,000 troops chase Pancho Villa into Mexico.

    1917 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]

    1935 Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda bans four Berlin newspapers.

    1937 The first hospital blood bank in the United States was established, in Chicago, at Cook County Hospital.

    1949 Almost four years after the end of World War II, clothes rationing in Great Britain ends.

    1954 “CBS Morning Show” premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

    1960 Ten nations meet in Geneva to discuss disarmament.

    1965 TGIFriday’s 1st restaurant opens in New York NY

    1968 The U.S. mint halts the practice of buying and selling gold.

    1972 Assassination attempt on Governor George Wallace of Alabama

    1977 US House of Representatives begin 90 day test of televising its sessions

    1989 Department of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

    1991 Four Los Angeles police are charged in the beating of Rodney King.

    1999 Pluto again becomes outermost planet

    2004 Scientists reported the discovery of Sedna, the most distant object in the solar system.

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