Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: MAY 12



1941 – The world’s first programmable, fully automatic computer is presented – The Z3 was designed by German inventor, Konrad Zuse. The original machine was destroyed in an air raid. A replica can be seen at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.

1057 – The Ostromir Gospel, now the oldest surviving Russian manuscript is recorded completed by its scribe Deacon Grigory

1215 – English barons serve an ultimatum on King John which eventually leads to the creation and signing of the Magna Carta

1264 – The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, begins.

1525 – Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers

1588 – King Henry III fled Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly entered the city.

1638 – Emperor Shah Jahan commissions construction of the Red Fort at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)

1640 – Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV

1641 – Prince Willem II (14) marries English princess Henriette Mary Stuart (9)

1777 – The first ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-New York Gazette)

1780 – Charleston, South Carolina fell to British forces.

1789 – Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers

1847 – William Clayton invented the odometer.

1862 – Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge LA

1870 – Manitoba entered the Confederation as a Canadian province.

1881 – Tunisia, in North Africa became a French protectorate.

1885 – In the Battle of Batoche, French Canadians rebelled against the Canadian government.

1898 – Louisiana adopts new constitution with “grandfather clause” designed to eliminate black voters

1902 – United Mine Workers leader John Mitchell leads his 147,000 anthracite coal workers out of the pits to begin a 5-month strike that cripples the United States

1911 – American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia’s finances; a move resented by Russia

1915 – Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250

1926 – The airship Norge became the first vessel to fly over the North Pole.

1928 – Mussolini ends woman’s rights in Italy

1932 – Ten weeks after his abduction, the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey just a few miles from the Lindberghs’ home

1940 – The Nazi conquest of France began with the German army crossing Muese River.

1941 – The world’s first programmable, fully automatic computer is presented – The Z3 was designed by German inventor, Konrad Zuse. The original machine was destroyed in an air raid. A replica can be seen at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.

1942 – The Soviet Army launched its first major offensive of World War II and took Kharkov in the eastern Ukraine from the German army.

1943 – The Axis forces in North Africa surrendered during World War II.

1949 – The Soviet Union announced an end to the Berlin Blockade.

1958 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.

1962 – Douglas MacArthur delivers his famous “”Duty, Honor, Country”” valedictory speech at West Point

1965 – West Germany and Israel exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations.

1970 – Harry A Blackmun is confirmed by the U S Senate as a Supreme Court justice

1975 – Mayagez incident: The Cambodian navy seizes the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters.

1978 – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that they would no longer exclusively name hurricanes after women.

1981 – Francis Hughes starves to death in the Maze Prison in a republican campaign for political status to be granted to IRA prisoners.

1982 – South Africa unveiled a plan that would give voting rights to citizens of Asian and mixed-race descent, but not to black people.

1984 – South African prisoner Nelson Mandela saw his wife for the first time in 22 years.

1991 – A new cancer drug is announced, which can only be found in bark of a rare tree in the Pacific Northwest”

1997 – Russia & Chechnya sign peace deal after 400 years of conflict

1998 – Violent clashes follow the killing of four protesters in Jakarta, Indonesia – The riots eventually led to the resignation of President Suharto.

1999 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov and named Interior Minister Sergei Stepashin as his successor.

2002 – Former U.S. President Carter arrived in Cuba for a visit with Fidel Castro. It was the first time a U.S. head of state, in or out of office, had gone to the island since Castro’s 1959 revolution.

2003 – In Texas, fifty-nine Democratic lawmakers went into hiding over a dispute with Republican’s over a congressional redistricting plan.

2006 – A major rebellion occurs in São Paulo as members of criminal organization Primeiro Comando da Capital attack police officers and stations, eventually escalating to several prisons in Brazil leaving around 130 dead

2007 – Riots in Karachi, Pakistan are started by the arrival at Karachi’s airport of independently minded Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and go on to kill 48 people

2012 – The discovery of a missing Mayan calendar piece disproves 2012 Armageddon

2015 – It was announced that Verizon would be acquiring AOL.

2019 – Cuba announced more rationing of products such as rice and beans due to US trade embargo and hoarding

2020 – Militants storm a hospital and a funeral in Kabul, Afghanistan, shooting an estimated 40 people dead including new mothers and their babies

2021 – US Republicans vote to demote their number three Liz Cheney from party leadership after she publicly rebuked Donald Trump for lies about the election

2022 – First images published of the supermassive blackhole Sagittarius A* that lies at the heart of the Milky Way captured by the Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration

2023 – US pandemic-era expulsion policy Title 42, which expelled most migrants, expires

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com