TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 12
764 Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty
1276 Suspicious of the intentions of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the Prince of Wales, English King Edward I resolves to invade Wales.
1859 The first flying-trapeze circus act is performed by Jules Leotard at the Circus Napoleon.
1867 Mount Vesuvius erupts.
1920 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected the first commissioner of baseball.
1927 Notre Dame’s Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green
1927 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power
1928 The ocean liner Vestris sinks off the Virginia cape with 328 aboard, killing 111.
1938 Mexico agrees to compensate the United States for land seizures.
1938 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland
1939 Jews of Lodz Poland are ordered to wear yellow armbands
1942 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
1946 Walt Disney’s “Song Of The South” released
1948 Hikedi Tojo, Japanese prime minister, and seven others are sentenced to hang by an international tribunal.
1954 Ellis Island stopped serving as the chief immigration station for the United States. Twenty million immigrants went through Ellis Island in its 62 years of operation.
1966 High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame https://timeline.com/first-copycat-mass-shooter-8c0f08080307
1966 First images of a Solar Eclipse taken from space
The crew of Gemini 12 which included Edwin Eugene “Buzz” Aldrin were able to view and take pictures of the total solar eclipse over South America.
1968 The U.S. Supreme Court voids an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools.
1971 President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of about 45,000 U.S. troops from Vietnam by February.
1979 U.S. President Carter ordered a halt to all oil imports from Iran in response to 63 Americans being taken hostage at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran on November 4.
1980 The U.S. space probe Voyager I came within 77,000 miles of Saturn while transmitting data back to Earth.
1981 The space shuttle Columbia was launched for the second time. It was the first time a space vehicle was used more than once.
1987 The American Medical Association issued a policy statement that said it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
1990 Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, publishes a formal proposal for the creation of the World Wide Web.
1991 Dili massacre
Several pro-independence protesters were shot at the Santa Cruz cemetery in Dili, East Timor by Indonesian soldiers. about 250 people were killed in this event, which is also known as the Dili massacre or the Santa Cruz massacare
1996 A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 collides with a Kazakh Illyushin II-76 cargo plane near New Delhi, killing 349. It is the deadliest mid-air collision to date (2013) and third-deadliest aircraft accident.
1997 Ramzi Yousef convicted of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
1998 Daimler-Benz completed a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler AG.
2002 Stan Lee filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment Inc. that claimed the company had cheated him out of millions of dollars in movie profits related to the 2002 movie “Spider-Man.” Lee was the creator of Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk and Daredevil.
2013 In New York, it was announced that the new World Trade Center was the tallest building in the United States. The height was measured at 1,776 feet. The building was also the fourth tallest building in the world at the time.
2014 NATO commander Gen Philip Breedlove reported that Russian military equipment and Russian combat troops had been seen entering Ukraine in columns over several days.
REFERENCES: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeoplehistory.com, timeandate.com, factmonster.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com