Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 13

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 13

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1982 – Vietnam Veterans Memorial opens in Washington, D.C., featuring the names of over 58,000 US soldiers killed or missing in the Vietnam War

833 – Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, performs public act of penance at the Church of Saint Medard in Soissons

1002 – English king Ethelred II launches massacre of Danish settlers

1093 – Scotland’s Malcolm III MacDuncan and his eldest son Edward are entrapped and killed November 13 at a place that will be called Malcolm’s Cross Malcolm has been laying siege to Alnwick in an invasion of England, his wife Margaret dies 4 days later, and he is succeeded by his brother Donald Bane, who will reign until 1097

1553 – English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason

1565 – King Philip II’s “Letters From the Segovia Woods”, rejecting requests to abolish ordinances outlawing heresy, reach Brussels

1642 – At the Battle of Turnham Green of the First English Civil War the Royalist forces withdraw in face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.

1715 – Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar

1775 – During the American Revolution, U.S. forces captured Montreal.

1789 – Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which he said, “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”

1805 – Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invented a recipe and called it the “frankfurter.”

1839 – The first US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY

1841 – James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis

1843 – Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts

1851 – The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.

1865 – PT Barnum’s New American museum opens in Bridgeport

1887 – 1887 Bloody Sunday in London | Protests by poor and unemployed Londoners over their hardships in Trafalgar Square took a violent turn when the police charged on those protesting with batons. By the end of the day, 2 or 3 people were killed and several hundred protestors were injured.

1907 – The Conference of Central American States, convoked in response to the war between Honduras and Nicaragua, meets in Washington, D.C. to promote unification

1909 – Collier’s magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.

1927 – The Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.

1933 – In Austin, MN, the first sit-down labor strike in America took place.

1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.

1946 – First artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mt Greylock, Massachusetts

1950 – General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is assassinated in Caracas.

1956 – United States Supreme Court declares Alabama and Montgomery, Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal; thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

1968 – William Craig, Home Affairs Minister, bans all marches, with the exception of ‘customary’ parades, in Derry, Northern Ireland; the exception of ‘customary’ parades meant that Loyalist institutions could parade but civil rights marches could not

1969 – Vice President Spiro Agnew accuses network TV news departments of bias and distortion

1970 – VP Spiro Agnew calls TV executives “impudent snobs”

1971 – The U.S. spacecraft Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, Mars.

1974 – Karen Silkwood killed in a car crash under suspicious circumstances

1977 – The comic strip “Li’l Abner” by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.

1980 – US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn during its fly-by

1982 – Vietnam Veterans Memorial opens in Washington, D.C., featuring the names of over 58,000 US soldiers killed or missing in the Vietnam War

1984 – A libel suit against Time, Inc. by former Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon went to trial in New York.

1985 – Armero tragedy | The late evening eruption of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano in Colombia caused volcanic mudflows, called lahars, and flooded the city of Armero, killing 25,000 of its residents

1986 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly acknowledged that the U.S. had sent “defensive weapons and spare parts” to Iran. He denied that the shipments were sent to free hostages, but that they had been sent to improve relations.

1991 – Bomb destroys Dutch Labour party politician Aad Kosto’s house in a failed assassination attempt, he survives and in a famous image finds and cuddles his cat

1994 – Sweden voted to join the European Union.

1997 – Iraq expelled six U.N. arms inspectors that were U.S. citizens.

1998 – Monica Lewinsky signed a deal with St. Martin’s Press for the North American rights to her story about her affair with U.S. President Bill Clinton.

2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush signed an executive order that would allow for military tribunals to try any foreigners captured with connections to the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. It was the first time since World War II that a president had taken such action.

2002 – The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill

2007 – An explosion hits the south wing of the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Quezon City, killing four people, including Congressman Wahab Akbar, and wounding six

2009 – NASA announced that water had been discoved on the moon. The discovery came from the planned impact on the moon of the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS).

2015 – Terrorist attacks in Paris | A series of coordinated terrorist attacks that included suicide bombs and mass shootings took place in France’s capital city. Venues attacked included the Stade de France and the Bataclan theater during a concert. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or Daesh (ISIL) took responsibility for the attacks that killed about 130 people.

2018 – Four members of a family arrested for the Rhoden family massacre where eight people were shot, south of Columbus, Ohio in 2016

2021 – Germany records its highest number of daily COVID-19 cases amid warnings its fourth wave could kill 100,000

2022 – Bombing on Istiklal Avenue, central Istanbul, Turkey, labelled a terrorist attack, killing six people and injuring 81

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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