1864 – Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his troops began their “March to the Sea” during the U.S. Civil War.
1348 – Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells
1492 – In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder
1532 – Pope Clement VII tells England’s King Henry VIII to end relationship with Anna Boleyn
1620 – Myles Standish leads 16 men in a foot exploration of the northern portion of Cape Cod
1720 – Pirates Anne Bonny, Mary Read and Calico Jack are captured by Capt. Jonathan Barnet and brought to the Spanish Town of Jamaica, for trial
1727 – NY General assembly permits Jews to omit phrase “upon the faith of a Christian” from abjuration oath
1763 – Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania and Maryland
1777 – The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, precursor to the U.S. Constitution.
1806 – Explorer Zebulon Pike spotted the mountaintop that became known as Pikes Peak.
1811 – José Miguel Carrera takes control of the Chilean government in a coup d’état becoming the country’s first President
1827 – Creek-indians lose all their property in US
1854 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
1864 – Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his troops began their “March to the Sea” during the U.S. Civil War. https://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/shermans-march
1867 – The first stock ticker was unveiled in New York City.
1884 – European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers “Scramble for Africa”
1889 – Brazil is declared a republic by Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca and Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
1901 – Miller Reese patented an electrical hearing aid.
1902 – Anarchist Gennaro Rubin failed in his attempt to murder King Leopold II of Belgium.
1919 – US Senate 1st invokes the Cloture Rule to end a filibuster, passes Versailles Treaty
1920 – The League of Nations met for the first time in Geneva, Switzerland.
1926 – The National Broadcasting Co. (NBC) debuted with a radio network of 24 stations. The first network radio broadcast was a four-hour “spectacular.”
1939 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC.
1940 – The first 75,000 men were called to Armed Forces duty under peacetime conscription.
1941 – Holocaust: SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the arrest and deportation to concentration camps of all homosexuals in Germany, with the exception of certain top Nazi officials.
1949 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
1956 – Elvis Presley makes his movie debut | Love Me Tender, a black-and-white musical starred the American singer, who is also sometimes called the King of Rock and Roll. The movie was named after Presley’s hit single by the same name.
1957 – US sentences Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel to 30 years and $3,000 fine
1959 – Richard “Dick” Hickock and Perry Smith murder four members of the Clutter Family at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas (subject of Truman Capote book In Cold Blood)
1965 – The Soviet probe, Venera 3, was launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. On March 1, 1966, it became the first unmanned spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet when it crashed on Venus.
1966 – The flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
1969 – In Washington, DC, a quarter of a million protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the Vietnam War.
1970 – The Soviet Lunokhod 1 moon rover lands on the moon.
1977 – US President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
1979 – A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing
1985 – Britain and Ireland signed an accord giving Dublin an official consultative role in governing Northern Ireland.
1986 – A government tribunal in Nicaragua convicted American Eugene Hasenfus of charges related to his role in delivering arms to Contra rebels. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison and was pardoned a month later.
1988 – The Palestine National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, proclaimed the establishment of an independent Palestinian state at the close of a four-day conference in Algiers.
1990 – President Bush signs the Clear Air Act of 1990
1993 – A judge in Mineola, NY, sentenced Joey Buttafuoco to six months in jail for the statutory rape of Amy Fisher. Fisher was serving a prison sentence for shooting and wounding Buttafuoco’s wife, Mary Jo.
1995 – Texaco agreed to pay $176 million to settle a race-discrimination lawsuit.
1999 – Representatives from China and the United States signed a major trade agreement that involved China’s membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
2000 – Three police officers from the Rampart division of the Los Angeles police department were convicted on several counts of conspiracy to obstruct justice. One other officer was acquitted. The case was the first major case against the anti-gang unit.
2003 – First day of the Istanbul Bombings takes place, followed by additional bombings on November 20th
2004 – New Jersey Governor Jim McGreevey leaves office, three months after resigning due to a gay extra-marital affair. State Senator Richard Codey takes over as interim governor.
2005 – In Amiens, France, Isabelle Dinoire became the first person to undergo a partial face transplant. She had been attacked by a dog earlier in the year.
2006 – Al Jazeera English launched | The English language 24-hour news channel is owned and run by Al Jazeera Media Network based in Doha, Qatar.
2012 – Deep Horizon Oil Spill: BP settles for $4.5 Billion
2014 – The parents of 43 Mexican students who disappeared start a nationwide bus tour in protest at the government’s handling of the case
2015 – France launches air strikes on Isis stronghold Raqqa in Syria in wake of terror attack on Paris
2017 – The Zimbabwean Army detains Robert Mugabe and the first family and appoints sacked Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa as interim president
2018 – Afghan President Ashraf Ghani confirms more than 28,000 of the country’s military and police have been killed since 2015
2019 – Iran shuts down its internet for five days to suppress news of national protests against higher gas prices – beginning of the worst unrest for 40 years in the country
2021 – US President Joe Biden signs a ‘once in a generation’ $1 trillion infrastructure bill into law
REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com