Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 23

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 23

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1921 – US President Warren G. Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes

602 – Byzantine senate elects army officer Phocas Emperor in a mutiny against the reigning Emperor Maurice (who is then killed)

800 – Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III

1227 – Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa

1248 – Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates

1499 – Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

1584 – English parliament expels Jesuits

1644 – “Areopagitica”, a pamphlet by John Milton decrying censorship, is published

1765 – Frederick County, MD, repudiated the British Stamp Act.

1783 – Annapolis, Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)

1863 – Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (results in Union victory 25 Nov)

1867 – The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer

1889 – The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon.

1890 – Princess Wilhelmina became Queen of the Netherlands at the age of 10 when her father William III died.

1903 – Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners’ strike.

1910 – Last person to be executed in Sweden, Johan Alfred Ander was convicted of murdering Victoria Hellsten during a robbery of a currency exchange. He was the only person in Swedish history to be executed using a guillotine. Capital punishment in the country was abolished for all peacetime crimes in 1921 and for all crimes in 1973.

1914 – The US Army withdraws from Mexico

1921 – US President Warren G. Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes

November 29, 1926 – The Supreme Court Decides Lambert v. Yellowley et al. |  Legal Legacy

1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.

1936 – The first edition of “Life” was published.

Nov. 23: First Issue of Life Magazine Published - ABC News

1939 – Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

1942 – Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

1945 – The U.S. wartime rationing of most foods ended.

1946 – Mound Metalcraft changed its name to Tonka Toys Incorporated.

1961 – The Dominican Republic changed the name of its capital from Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo.

1963 – Doctor Who debuts on TV

1971 – The People’s Republic of China was seated in the United Nations Security Council.

1973 – Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa

1974 – 60 Ethiopia government officials executed

1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten.

1981 – President Reagan vetoes House Joint Resolution 357 which called for further appropriations for fiscal year 1982

1983 – The first Pershing II missiles were deployed in West Germany. In response, the U.S.S.R. broke off International Nuclear Forces (INF) talks in Geneva.

1985 – Larry Wu-tai Chin, a retired CIA analyst, was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.

1985 – Gunmen hijacked an Egyptian jetliner en route from Athens to Cairo. The plane was forced to land in Malta.

1988 – President Reagan announces that he is pocket-vetoing a bill designed to further restrict lobbying by former federal employees.

1989 – Lucia Barrera de Cerna, a housekeeper who claimed she had witnessed the slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador, was flown to the U.S.

1991 – Yugoslavia’s rival leaders agreed to a new cease-fire, the 14th of the Balkan civil war.

1994 – About 111 people, mostly women and children, were killed in a stampede after Indian police baton-charged tribal protesters in the western city of Nagpur.

1995 – Charles Rathbun, free-lance photographer, was booked in Hermosa Beach, CA, for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda Sobek. He was later convicted.

1998 – The tobacco industry signed the biggest U.S. civil settlement. It was a $206-billion deal to resolve remaining state claims for treating sick smokers.

1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejected a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computer calling the attempt unconstitutional.

2007 – MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.

2009 – Maguindanao massacre in the Philippines, Considered to be the worst attack on journalists in recorded history, the massacre occurred in the southern Philippines, when 57 citizens and journalists en route to register voters in Esmael Mangudadatu for the upcoming gubernatorial elections, were killed by gunmen and buried. 34 journalists were killed on the day.

2010 – North Korea shelled Yeonpyeong Island.

2011 – Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, The Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh Signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.

2014 – A suicide bomber kills 40 people at a volleyball tournament in eastern Afghanistan

2014 – An adviser to the Kenyan president says the slaughter of 28 people on a bus by the Somali militant Islamist group al-Shabab is intended to create a religious war in the country

2014 – Republicans condemn US President Obama’s use of executive powers to force through immigration reform

2018 – Alabama police kill the wrong suspect after a gunman shoots 18-year-old man and 12-year-old girl at Riverchase Galleria Mall in Hoovermall

2019 – Sumatran rhino officially declared extinct in Malaysia after last known specimen, 25-year-old Iman, dies of cancer in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo

2021 – Egypt reopens its 3000 year old Avenue of the Sphinxes in Luxor with a grand ceremony

2021 – NASA launches its DART Mission, to test technology to prevent future impact on earth by hazardous asteroid, by deliberately crashing a spacecraft into an asteroid (in a real life echo of the movie Armageddon)

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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