Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 30

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 30

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1971 – ABC-TV aired “Brian’s Song.” The movie was about Chicago Bears’ Brian Picolo and his friendship with Gale Sayers.

1016 – England’s Ethelred II dies at age 48 after a 38-year reign and is succeeded by his son Edmund Ironside, who is chosen king by Londoners, while Canute is chosen by the witan at Southampton

1292 – Coronation of John Balliol, the last recorded inauguration of a King of Scots on the Stone of Destiny

1487 – The first German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated in Munich by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops

1523 – Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics

1678 – Roman Catholics banned from English parliament

1700 – 8,000 Swedish troops under King Charles XII defeated an army of at least 50,000 Russians at the Battle of Narva.

1718 – Sweden’s “”warrior king”” Charles XII dies at Fredrikshald in Norway after being hit by a bullet in the head.

1782 – The United States and Britain signed preliminary peace articles in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.

1786 – Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

1803 – In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase

1804 – U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial accused of political bias. He was later acquitted by the U.S. Senate.

1838 – Three days after the French occupation of Vera Cruz Mexico declared war on France.

1853 – During the Crimean War, the Russian fleet attacked and destroyed the Turkish fleet at the battle of Sinope.

1866 – Work on the first underwater highway tunnel in the United States began on this day in Chicago, Illinois. Over a three-year period, workers and engineers tunneled underneath the Chicago River, finally completing the 1,500-foot tunnel at a cost of over $500,000

1886 – First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY

1897 – Thomas Edison’s own motion picture projector had its first commercial exhibition.

1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.

1906 – George Parker Bidder, President of the Marine Biological Association (UK) released a glass bottle with a message into the North Sea. The bottle spent 108 years and 38 days at sea before it was found on the shores of Germany in 2015.

1908 – A mine explosion in the mining town of Marianna, Pennsylvania kills 154

1909 – British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George’s ‘People’s Budget’, which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

1936 – London’s famed Crystal Palace was destroyed in a fire. The structure had been constructed for the International Exhibition of 1851.

1938 – Germany bans Jews being lawyers

1939 – The Russo-Finnish War began when 20 divisions of Soviet troops invaded Finland.

1942 – World War II Guadalcanal Campaign: Battle of Tassafaronga A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizo Tanaka defeats a a US cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.

1947 – Civil War in Palestine, Also known as the Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, the conflict began the day after the United Nations General Assembly voted on a resolution that provided a partition plan for Palestine.

1949 – Chinese Communists captured Chungking.

1950 – US President Harry Truman threatens China with atom bomb

1953 – Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.

1954 – In Sylacauga, AL, Elizabeth Hodges was injured when a meteorite crashed through the roof of her house. The rock weighed 8½-pounds.

1956 – CBS replayed the program “Douglas Edward and the News” three hours after it was received on the West Coast. It was the world’s first broadcast via videotape.

1960 – The First International Harvester Scoutt all-terrain vehicle rolled off the assembly line at International Harvester’s Fort Wayne plant

1962 – U Thant of Burma was elected secretary-general of the United Nations, succeeding the late Dag Hammarskjold.

1966 – The former British colony of Barbados became independent.

1967 – British troops leave Aden and the rest of the Federation of South Arabia (FSA) ending British colonial rule; National Liberation Front (NLF) assumes power and renames the state as the People’s Republic of South Yemen

1971 – ABC-TV aired “Brian’s Song.” The movie was about Chicago Bears’ Brian Picolo and his friendship with Gale Sayers.

1972 – Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.

1981 – The U.S. and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva that were aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.

1982 – A parcel bomb is delivered to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at 10 Downing Street.

1986 – “Time” magazine published an interview with U.S. President Reagan. In the article, Reagan described fired national security staffer Oliver North as a “national hero.”

1989 – Richard Mallory of Palm Harbor, Florida becomes serial killer Aileen Wuornos’s first victim

1990 – US President George H. W. Bush offers to send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Saddam Hussein

1993 – U.S. President Clinton signed into law the Brady Bill. The bill required a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases and background checks of prospective buyers.

1995 – President Clinton became the first U.S. chief executive to visit Northern Ireland.

1999 – In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies

2001 – For the first time in it’s history, McDonald’s teamed up with a retail partner on its Happy Meal promotions. Toys R Us provided plush figures from it’s Animal Alley.

2004 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.

2007 – Hillary Clinton presidential campaign office hostage crisis: Leeland Eisenberg enters campaign office of Hillary Clinton in Rochester, New Hampshire with suspected bomb and holds three people hostage for 5 hours

2015 – Pope Francis urges peace while visiting controversial mosque in Bangui’s PK5 district in Central African Republic

2018 – Marriot Hotels reveal massive data breach – 500 million guests affected in one of largest-ever company hacks

2019 – Gun battle between suspected cartel and security forces at Villa Unión city hall, northern Mexico, kills 21

2020 – Australia condemns doctored photo of Australian soldier threatening Afghan child with knife on Chinese official’s Twitter, marking new low in the two countries relationship

2021 – 15 year old student, Ethan Crumbley, shoots four death and injures seven at Oxford High School in Oxford, Michigan

2022 – Artificial intelligence Chatbot ChatGPT prototype released by A.I. lab OpenAI, able to answer complex questions, write poetry and mimic some human emotions

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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