Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 8

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: NOV 8

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1972 – Home Box Office launched | The premium TV channel, informally known as HBO, is the oldest paid TV channel in the United States. The first program to screen on the channel was Sometimes a Great Notion, a movie starring Paul Newman and Henry Fonda.

0392 – Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion

0911 – The German king Louis the Child dies in early November at age 18, and the son of Conrad, count of Lahngau, is chosen German king November 8 at Forchheim Lorraine transfers her allegiance to France

1519 – 1st meeting of Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II and Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlan, Mexico

1520 – Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.

1620 – The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours.

1701 – William Penn presents Charter of Privileges, guaranteed religious freedom for the colony in Pennsylvania

1789 – Bourbon Whiskey 1st distilled from corn by Elijah Craig in Bourbon, Kentucky

1793 – In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum

1798 – Irish revolutionary Wolfe Tone is sentenced to death by hanging for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Tone requests to be shot instead so as to die a soldier’s death.

1805 – The “Corps of Discovery” reached the Pacific Ocean. The expedition was led by William Clark and Meriwether Lewis. The journey had begun on May 14, 1804, with the goal of exploring the Louisiana Purchase territory.

1837 – Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College

1861 – USS San Jacinto commanded by Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate diplomats from the British mail steamer Trent, almost causing a war between the US and the UK

1889 – Montana became the 41st U.S. state.

1892 – The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time

1895 – Wilhelm Roentgen while experimenting with electricity discovered the scientific principle involved and took the first X-ray pictures.

1901 – Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.

1910 – For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee

1923 – Adolf Hitler made his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that came to be known as the “Beer-Hall Putsch.”

1924 – Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt

1933 – The Civil Works Administration was created by executive order by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The organization was designed to create jobs for more than 4 million unemployed people in the U.S.

1935 – A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism

1938 – A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.

1939 – In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch

1942 – Holocaust: In Ternopil, western Ukraine, the German SS deport about 2,400 Jews from Ternopil ghetto to the Belzec death camp, in the so called “”Second Aktion””. When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.

1943 – France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate

1944 – 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to the Nazis for forced labor

1950 – During the Korean conflict, the first jet-plane battle took place as U.S. Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shot down a North Korean MiG-15.

1956 – After turning down 18,000 names, the Ford Motor Company decided to name their new car the “Edsel,” after Henry Ford’s only son.

1965 – The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War

1966 – Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts became the first African-American elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote.

1966 – Ronald Reagan was elected governor of California.

1972 – Home Box Office launched | The premium TV channel, informally known as HBO, is the oldest paid TV channel in the United States. The first program to screen on the channel was Sometimes a Great Notion, a movie starring Paul Newman and Henry Fonda.

1973 – The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.

1974 – In Salt Lake City, Utah, Carol DaRonch narrowly escapes abduction by serial killer Ted Bundy.

1977 – Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.

1979 – U.S. Senators John Warner (R-VA) and Mac Mathias (R-MD) introduced legislation to provide a site on the National Mall for the building of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

1980 – Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California announced that they had discovered a 15th moon orbiting the planet Saturn.

1981 – Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek asserted that Egypt was “an African State” that was “neither East nor West”.

1985 – A letter signed by four American hostages in Lebanon was delivered to The Associated Press in Beirut. The letter, contained pleas from Terry Anderson, Rev. Lawrence Jenco, David Jacobsen and Thomas Sutherland to President Reagan to negotiate a release.

1987 – Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain’s war dead, killing eleven people.

1990 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush ordered more troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding about 150,000 soldiers to the multi-national force fighting against Iraq.

1991 – The European Community and Canada imposed economic sanctions on Yugoslavia in an attempt to stop the Balkan civil war.

1992 – About 350,000 people rallied in Berlin against racist violence.

1997 – Chinese engineers diverted the Yangtze River to make way for the Three Gorges Dam.

2000 – Waco special counsel John C. Danforth released his final report that absolved the government of wrongdoing in the 1993 seige of the Branch Davidian compound in Texas.

2004 – War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

2011 – The potentially hazardous asteroid 2005 YU55 passed 0.85 lunar distances from Earth (about 324,600 kilometres or 201,700 miles), the closest known approach by an asteroid of its brightness since 2010 XC15 in 1976.

2013 – 11 people are killed in a car park bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia

2014 – Mikhail Gorbachev warns that tensions between America and Russia over Ukraine have put the world on the brink of a new Cold War

2017 – In unprecedented move, Indian officials close all Delhi schools for rest of the week due to smog

2018 – CNN correspondent Jim Acosta’s White House clearance revoked after continuing to question President Donald Trump while an intern tried to wrestle the microphone off him

2020 – More than 50 people beheaded in latest attack by Islamist militants in Cabo Delgado province, northern Mozambique

2021 – US reopens its borders to vaccinated non US citizens after more than 18 months, lifting restrictions imposed because of COVID-19

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

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