1938 – Night of Broken Glass | Nazi troops and sympathizers destroyed and looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, burned 267 synagogues, killed 91 Jews, and rounded up over 25,000 Jewish men in an event that became known as Kristallnacht or “Night of Broken Glass.”
0694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush
1494 – Piero the Unfortunate of the de’ Medici family, ruler of Florence, loses his power and flees the state
1520 – Height of the Stockholm Bloodbath – King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden executes Swedish nobles
1541 – Queen Catherine Howard (Henry VIII’s fifth wife) confined in Tower of London
1620 – Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts
1681 – Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion
1688 – The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter.
1720 – Rabbi Yehuda Hasid synagogue set afire
1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.”
1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul
1813 – During Creek War General Andrew Jackson, responding to White Stick Creek Indian plea at Fort Leslie, drives off attacking force of Red Stick Creek Indians at Talladega, Alabama
1851 – Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape
1857 – The “Atlantic Monthly” first appeared on newsstands and featured the first installment of “The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table” by Oliver Wendell Holmes.
1862 – US Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him
1867 – Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
1872 – A fire destroyed about 800 buildings in Boston, MA.
1900 – China has resumed nominal control of Manchuria, but in a secret agreement the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration
1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt left for Panama to see the progress on the new canal. It was the first foreign trip by a U.S. president.
1911 – George Claude of Paris, France, applied for a patent on neon advertising signs.
1918 – Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II announced he would abdicate. He then fled to the Netherlands.
1923 – In Munich, the Beer Hall Putsch was crushed by German troops that were loyal to the democratic government. The event began the evening before when Adolf Hitler took control of a beer hall full of Bavarian government leaders at gunpoint.
1925 – Robert A. Millikan confirms the existence of cosmic rays from outer space in a speech to the National Academy of Sciences at Madison, Wisconsin
1927 – Giant Panda discovered, China
1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60
1936 – American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China – becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US
1938 – Night of broken glass | Nazi troops and sympathizers destroyed and looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, burned 267 synagogues, killed 91 Jews, and rounded up over 25,000 Jewish men in an event that became known as Kristallnacht or “Night of Broken Glass.”
1942 – First 4,000 Lublin Jews are brought to be killed at the newly-organized camp at Majdanek, located outside Lublin.
1946 – US President Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze
1953 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a 1922 ruling that major league baseball did not come within the scope of federal antitrust laws.
1960 – Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration
1961 – The Professional Golfer’s Association (PGA) eliminated its “caucasians only” rule.
1963 – In Japan, about 450 miners were killed in a coal-dust explosion.
1965 – The great Northeast blackout occurred as several states and parts of Canada were hit by a series of power failures lasting up to 13 1/2 hours.
1967 – A Saturn V rocket carrying an unmanned Apollo spacecraft blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a successful test flight.
1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
1971 – John List, an accountant from Westfield, New Jersey murders his mother, wife and three children. He then hides under a new identity for 18 years
1976 – The U.N. General Assembly approved ten resolutions condemning the apartheid government in South Africa.
1979 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously called upon Iran to release all American hostages “without delay.” Militants, mostly students had taken 63 Americans hostage at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4.
1981 – U.S. troops began arriving in Egypt for a three-week Rapid Deployment Force excercise. Somalia, Sudan and Oman were also involved in the operation.
1984 – A bronze statue titled “Three Servicemen,” by Frederick Hart, was unveiled at the site of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC.
1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to freely travel to West Germany. People start demolishing the Berlin Wall.
1990 – Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany.
1992 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin, visiting London, appealed for assistance in rescheduling his country’s debt, and asked British businesses to invest.
1998 – A federal judge in New York approved the richest antitrust settlement in U.S. history. A leading brokerage firm was ordered to pay $1.03 billion to investors who had sued over price-rigging of Nasdaq stocks.
2003 – During the holy month of Ramadan, a suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people
2004 – U.S. First Lady Laura Bush officially reopened Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House to pedestrians.
2009 – 20th anniversary of the fall of Berlin Wall – German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the last soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and Polish ex-president and Noble Prize winner Lech Walesa walked through Brandenburg Gate in Berlin to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
2012 – 25 people are killed and 62 injured after a train carrying liquid fuel bursts into flames in Burma
2014 – Asia-Pacific countries, including China and the United States, announce plans to co-operate more closely in the fight against corruption
2015 – World Anti-Doping Agency commission report recommends Russian Federation be banned from athletics competitions for running a “state-supported” doping programme
2017 – Alabama Republican Senate candidate Roy Moore accused of sexual misconduct with teenage girls in “Washington Post” report
2018 – Amid Californian forest fires US President Donald Trump accuses state forest management of “gross mismanagement”, threatens to withhold funding
2019 – Prominent Russian history professor Oleg Sokolov discovered with severed arms of his murder victim in his backpack when rescued from Moika River, St Petersburg
2020 – Drugmakers BioNTech and Pfizer announce their COVID-19 vaccine to be over 90% effective in a first look at the results from their phase 3 trial involving nearly 44,000 people
2021 – EU accuses Belarus leader Alexander Lukashenko of “inhuman, gangster-style approach” to thousands of migrants massing on their border with Poland in freezing conditions
2022 – Archaeologists announce discovery of oldest decipherable sentence on an ivory comb “May this tusk root out the lice of the hair and the beard.” in 1,700 B.C Canaanite script from Tel Lachish, Israel
REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com