Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: SEPT 8



1975 – Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline “I Am A Homosexual.” He is later given a general discharge.”

0876 – Louis the German dies at Frankfurt September 8 at age 72 while preparing for war with the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the Bald

1024 – Duke Conrad II chosen as German king and crowned at Mainz Cathedral

1264 – The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.

1331 – Stefan Duan declares himself king of Serbia

1380 – Battle of Kulikovo – Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance

1449 – Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.

1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.

1514 – Battle of Orsha – In one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army

1565 – A Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, FL.

1565 – Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John

1664 – The Dutch surrendered New Amsterdam to the British, who then renamed it New York.

1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children

1756 – Kittanning Expedition: 30-40 Lenape Indians killed by Pennsylvania Provincial troops during French and Indian War

1810 – The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor’s newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrived at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor’s men established fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon

1831 – William IV is crowned King of Great Britain, then aged 64 the oldest person to assume the British throne

1866 – The first recorded birth of sextuplets took place in Chicago, IL. The parents were James and Jennie Bushnell.

1888 – In London, the body of Jack the Ripper’s second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found.

1892 – An early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance” appeared in “The Youth’s Companion.”

1893 – In New Zealand, the Electoral Act 1893 was passed by the Legislative Council. It was consented by the governor on September 19 giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.

1916 – US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax

1926 – Germany is admitted into the League of Nations.

1930 – NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew

1935 – U.S. Senator Huey P. Long, “The Kingfish” of Louisiana politics, was shot and mortally wounded. He died two days later.

1939 – FDR declares “”limited national emergency”” due to war in Europe”

1941 – Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania is exterminated

1941 – WWII: Siege of Leningrad by German, Finnish, and eventually Spanish troops begins; battle lasted over 28 months, as Russia repels the invasion; well over a million lives

1945 – Cold War: United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.

1951 – A peace treaty with Japan was signed by 48 other nations in San Francisco, CA.

1952 – Ernest Hemingway’s “”Old Man & the Sea”” published

1960 – In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July 1).

1962 – Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)

1966 – NBC-TV aired the first episode of “Star Trek” entitled “The Man Trap”. The show was canceled on September 2, 1969.

1967 – Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic

1971 – In Washington, DC, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts was inaugurated. The opening featured the premiere of Leonard Bernstein’s “Mass.”

1974 – U.S. President Ford granted an unconditional pardon to former U.S. President Nixon.

1975 – In Boston, MA, public schools began their court-ordered citywide busing program amid scattered incidents of violence.

1975 – Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline (printed in all uppercase) “”I Am A Homosexual.”” He is later given a general discharge.” https://time.com/4019076/40-years-leonard-matlovich/

1990 – Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island NYC

1991 – The republic of Macedonia Declares its Independence From Yugoslavia

1996 – American children’s program “Blue’s Clues” debuts on Nickelodeon cable channel

1999 – US Attorney General Janet Reno names former US Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories

2005 – Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.

2011 – Fashion designer John Galliano is found guilty of anti-semitic remarks in a Paris court and fined €6,000

2013 – 11 people are killed and 18 are injured after a gunfire attack in Guatemala City

2015 – British researchers announced that evidence of a larger version of Stonehenge had been located about 2 miles from the Stonehenge location. There were 90 buried stones that had been found by ground penetrating radar.

2018 – Egypt sentences over 700 people, including 75 death sentences for 2013 pro-Muslim Brotherhood sit-in at Rabaa al-Adawiya square

2019 – Brazil’s Supreme Court rules Marvel comic depicting two men kissing can be sold after mayor of Rio de Janeiro attempted to ban it

2020 – Two ex-Myanmar soldiers testify they were ordered to rape and kill Muslim Rohingya villagers, 1st public confession of army-directed crimes against Rohingya

2021 – Large statue of Confederate general Robert E. Lee removed from plinth on Monument Avenue, Richmond, Virginia

2022 – Queen Elizabeth II dies at Balmoral Castle after ruling for 70 years, as the UK’s longest-serving monarch. Her eldest son inherits the throne as King Charles III.

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com


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