Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: SEPT 9

TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: SEPT 9

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1948 – Kim Il-sung Establishes North Korea –
After the Second World War, the Korean peninsula had been divided across the 38th parallel. The northern part was occupied by the Soviets while the south was occupied by the Americans. The Cold War impeded unification and on October 9, 1948, Kim Il-sung declared the creation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea with the support of the USSR.

490 B.C. – The Battle of Marathon took place between the invading Persian army and the Athenian Army. The marathon race was derived from the events that occurred surrounding this battle.

1000 – Battle of Svolder, Notable naval battle of the Viking Age

1379 – Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III

1493 – Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion

1513 – James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland’s involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.

1553 – The Roman Inquisition burns all copies of the Talmud and other Jewish texts in Rome’s Campo de Fiori

1567 – Dutch leaders Lomaraal, Count of Egmont and Philip van Hoorne arrested by Spanish Duke of Alba – their execution in 1568 leads to Eighty Years War

1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain’s mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina

1776 – The second Continental Congress officially made the term “United States”, replacing the previous term “United Colonies.”

1839 – John Herschel takes the 1st glass plate photograph

1850 – California became the 31st state to join the union. Territories of New Mexico & Utah created

1867 – Luxembourg gains independence

1892 – Almalthea, 5th moon of Jupiter, discovered by EE Barnard at Lick

1893 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland’s wife, Frances Cleveland, gave birth to a daughter, Esther. It was the first time a president’s child was born in the White House.

1899 – French Captain Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds

1904 – Mounted police were used for the first time in the City of New York.

1911 – Italy declared war on the Ottoman Turks and annexed Libya, Tripolitania, and Cyrenaica in North Africa.

1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.

1919 – The majority of Boston’s police force went on strike. The force was made up of 1,500 men.

1924 – Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii

1926 – The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) was created by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA).

1942 – Japan dropped incendiaries over NE in an attempt to set fire to the forests in Oregon and Washington. The forest did not ignite.

1943 – During World War II Allied forces landed at Taranto and Salerno.

1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established

1947 – First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University

1948 – Kim Il-sung Establishes North Korea
After the Second World War, the Korean peninsula had been divided across the 38th parallel. The northern part was occupied by the Soviets while the south was occupied by the Americans. The Cold War impeded unification and on October 9, 1948, Kim Il-sung declared the creation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea with the support of the USSR.

1957 – The first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction was signed into law by U.S. President Eisenhower.

1958 – Race riots in Notting Hill Gate, London

1963 – Alabama Governor George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools

1965 – French President Charles de Gaulle announced that France was withdrawing from NATO to protest the domination of the U.S. in the organization.

1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1971 – 1,000 convicts seize Attica, NY prison

1972 – Connection found between Mammoth Cave Ridge and Flint cave systems in Kentucky, joining 144 miles of passages – making it the world’s longest known cave system (later mapped at 420 miles)

1976 – New Zealand government establishes the country’s first centralized electronic database through the Wanganui Computer Act, raising questions about the state’s ability to gather information on its citizens

1978 – Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an uprising in the Iranian army

1981 – Nicaragua declared a state of economic emergency and banned strikes.

1986 – Frank Reed was taken hostage in Lebanon by pro-Iranian kidnappers. The director of a private school in Lebanon was released 44 months later.

1987 – Gary Hart admits to cheating on his wife on “Nightline”

1991 – Tajikistan gains independence from the Soviet Union.

1993 – Israeli and PLO leaders agreed to recognize each other.

1994 – The U.S. agreed to accept about 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year. This was in return for Cuba’s promise to halt the flight of refugees.

1997 – Sinn Fein, the IRA’s political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland’s future.

1998 – Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr delivered to the U.S. Congress 36 boxes of material concerning his investigation of U.S. President Clinton.

2001 – Two al-Qaeda linked suicide bombers disguised as journalists kill Northern Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Massoud by detonating explosives hidden in a camera and a battery-pack belt while interviewing him in Takhar Province, northeastern Afghanistan

2004 – Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people

2007 – After 17 years, Manuel Noriega’s sentence in the United States ends

2010 – A court in the Philippines orders Imelda Marcos to repay the government almost $280,000 for funds taken from the National Food Authority by Ferdinand Marcos in 1983

2013 – 18 people are killed in conflict between government and Boko Harem troops in Borno State, Nigeria

2015 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes longest reigning British monarch

2016 – North Korea conducts its fifth nuclear test at the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site, at the time its largest ever test at 10 kilotons but superseded by the 2017 test

2018 – CBS chief Les Moonves departs the company after six more women make allegations of sexual abuse in “The New Yorker”

2019 – Nigerian government says it will repatriate 600 people from South Africa after two people killed in wave of xenophobic violence in Johannesburg

2020 – Donald Trump purposely downplayed the pandemic in early 2020 to avoid panic according to Bob Woodward’s new book “Rage”

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com

 

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