Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: APRIL 23



1985 – The Coca-Cola Company announced that it was changing its 99-year-old secret formula. The New Coke was not successful, which resulted in the resumption of selling the original version

1014 – The Battle of Clontarf ends Danish rule in Ireland, but a Dane kills the Irish king Brian Boru

1154 – Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

1229 – Christian king Ferdinand III of Castile conquers the Arab-held town of Cáceres as part of the reconquest of Almohad Spain

1348 – The first English order of knighthood was founded. It was the Order of the Garter.

1500 – Pedro Cabal claimed Brazil for Portugal.

1516 – Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses “The German Beer Purity Law” (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer in Bavaria, ensuring beer is only brewed from three ingredients – water, malt and hops

1521 – The Comuneros were crushed by royalist troops in Spain.

1597 – Shakespeare’s The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.

1635 – The Boston Public Latin School was established. It was the first public school building in the United States.

1661 – King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey

1702 – Queen Anne is crowned at Westminster Abbey, London

1759 – The British seized Basse-Terre and Guadeloupe in the Antilies from France.

1789 – U.S. President George Washington moved into Franklin House, New York. It was the first executive mansion.

1795 – William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason

1826 – Missolonghi fell to Egyptian forces.

1861 – Arkansas troops seized Fort Smith.

1867 – William Lincoln patents the zoetrope, a machine which government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was founded in Ankara.

1872 – Charlotte E. Ray became the African-American woman lawyer.

1891 – Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia

1895 – Russia, France, and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China.

1900 – The word “hillbilly” was first used in print in an article in the “New York Journal.” It was spelled “Hill-Billie”.

1908 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signed an act creating the U.S. Army Reserve.

1920 – Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution

1924 – The U.S. Senate passed the Soldiers Bonus Bill.

1925 – Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco

1932 – The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.

1933 – The Gestapo is established in Germany

1940 – Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi kills 198 people.

1945 – The Soviet Army fought its way into Berlin.

1948 – Arab-Israeli War: Haifa, the major port of Israel, is captured from Palestinian forces.

1950 – Chaing evacuated Hainan, leaving mainland China to Mao and the communists.

1951 – The Associated Press began use of the new service of teletype setting.

1952 – Crude oil pipeline from Kirkuk, Iraq to Banias, Syria completed

1964 – Ken Johnson (Houston Astros) threw the first no-hitter for a loss. The game was lost 1-0 to the Cincinnati Reds due to two errors.

1967 – The Soyuz 1 was launched by Russia.

1968 – Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university. see main article Columbia University protests of 1968.

1969 – Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing US Senator Robert F. Kennedy (later commuted to a life sentence)

1971 – The Soyuz 10 was launched.

1979 – Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police’s Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.

1981 – The Soviet Union conducted an underground nuclear test at their Semipaltinsk (Kazakhstan) test site.

1982 – The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that consumer prices declined the previous month (March). It was the first decline in almost 17 years.

1984 – The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced that Dr. Robert Gallo and his colleagues had found the cause of AIDS. It was a retrovirus labled HTLV-III.

1985 – The Coca-Cola Company announced that it was changing its 99-year-old secret formula. The New Coke was not successful, which resulted in the resumption of selling the original version.

1988 – A U.S. federal law took effect that banned smoking on flights that were under two hours.

1989 – Wine merchant William Sokolin breaks a bottle of 1787 Château Margaux, possibly belonging to Thomas Jefferson, worth $500,000 at the Four Seasons restaurant in New York

1996 – An auction of the late Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis’ possessions began at Sotheby’s in New York City. The sale brought in #34.5 million.

1997 – An infertility doctor in California announced that a 63-year-old woman had given birth in late 1996. The child was from a donor egg. The woman is the oldest known woman to give birth.

1999 – In Washington, DC, the heads of state and government of the 19 NATO nations celebrated the organization’s 50th anniversary.

2004 – U.S. President George W. Bush eased sanctions against Libya in return for Moammar Gadhafi’s agreement to give up weapons of mass destruction.

2005 – YouTube’s co-founder Jawed Karim uploads the first video to YouTube, “Me at the zoo” showing him in front of two elephants at the San Diego Zoo. Has over 311 million views

2013 – 28 people are killed and 70 are injured during clashes between police and Sunni Muslims in Hawija, Iraq

2015 – Loretta Lynch is confirmed by US Senate vote, 56-43, as the first African-American woman as US Attorney-General, succeeding Eric Holder

2018 – Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan resigns after 10 years in office after mass protests against him beginning an unconstitutional third term

2020 – US President Donald Trump suggests COVID-19 might be treated by injecting disinfectant or UV lights into a human body at a White House press briefing. Government officials and disinfectant companies quickly state doing so is not only extremely dangerous but potentially deadly.

2023 – At least 100 bodies discovered in shallow graves in Shakahola forest, eastern Kenya. Believed to be members of Good News International Church, which encourages salvation through starvation

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com