Home Today's History Lesson TODAY’S HISTORY LESSON: JAN 31



1945 – US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.

1504 – Under the Treaty of Lyon, French King Louis XII cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon after defeat in the Italian War of 1499–1504

1560 – Spanish king Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois

1578 – Battle of Gembloux (Gembloers); Spanish forces win decisive victor over coalition rebel forces

1606 – Guy Fawkes was executed after being convicted for his role in the “Gunpowder Plot” against the English Parliament and King James I.

1675 – Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft

1696 – Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)

1747 – The first clinic specializing in the treatment of venereal diseases was opened at London Dock Hospital.

1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee

1851 – Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk

1855 – Treaty of Neah Bay: Makah Reservation established in US Territory of Washington for Makah nation, preserving tribal rights but ceding over 300,000 acres to the US government

1865 – The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives. It was ratified by the necessary number of states on December 6, 1865. The amendment abolished slavery in the United States.

1876 – All Native American Indians were ordered to move into reservations.

1893 – The trademark “Coca-Cola” was first registered in the United States Patent Office.

1900 – The final report of the USA’s Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.

1911 – Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site

1917 – Germany announced its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.

1928 – Scotch tape first marketed by 3M Company

1929 – The USSR exiled Leon Trotsky. He found asylum in Mexico.

1930 – U.S. Navy Lt. Ralph S. Barnaby became the first glider pilot to have his craft released from a dirigible, a large blimp, at Lakehurst, NJ.

1933 – Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

1936 – The radio show “The Green Hornet” debuted.

1940 – The first Social Security check was issued by the U.S. Government.

1944 – During World War II, U.S. forces invaded Kwajalein Atoll and other areas of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

1945 – Private Eddie Slovik became the only U.S. soldier since the U.S. Civil War to be executed for desertion.

1946 – A new constitution in Yugoslavia created six constituent republics (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia) subordinated to a central authority, on the model of the USSR

1950 – U.S. President Truman announced that he had ordered development of the hydrogen bomb.

1955 – In Oakville Ontario the l09-day strike of Ford workers at Windsor, Oakville and Etobicoke starts

1958 – Explorer I was put into orbit around the earth. It was the first U.S. earth satellite.

1961 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space, The chimpanzee survived the US Mercury Program test flight with just a bruised nose.

1964 – A rigged constitutional referendum in Ghana sees 99.91% vote in favor, turning the country into a one-party state and making Kwame Nkrumah president for life

1969 – A Saskatchewan Court convicts 17-year-old hippie David Milgaard of murder; he is sentenced to life in prison. He spent 23 years in jail until April 14, 1992 when DNA evidence proves him innocent of all charges

1971 – Astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.

1980 – Ontario to rebate up to $700 in sales tax for purchasers of 1979 model cars; effort to help slumping car sales

1982 – 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman

1983 – JCPenney announced plans to spend in excess of $1 billion over the next five years to modernize stores and to accelerate a repositioning program.

1985 – The final Jeep rolled off the assembly line at the AMC plant in Toledo, OH.

1987 – United Steelworkers union ratified a concessionary contract with USX Corp

1990 – McDonald’s Corp. opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow, Russia.

1995 – U.S. President Clinton invoked presidential emergency authority to provide a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

1996 – In Columbo, Sri Lanka, a truck was rammed into the gates of the Central Bank. The truck filled with explosives killed at least 86 and injured 1,400.

2000 – Family GP Dr Harold Shipman is jailed for life for murdering 15 of his patients, making him Britain’s most prolific convicted serial killer

2001 – A Scottish court in the Netherlands convicted one Libyan and acquitted a second in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, that occurred in 1988.

2002 – A large section of the Antarctic Larsen Ice Shelf begins disintegrating, eventually consuming about 3,250 km (1,254 miles) over a 35-day period.

2006 – US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor retires and is replaced by Samuel Alito

2007 – Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq

2009 – In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.

2011 – Myanmar’s first elected parliament in half a century convenes

2017 – Romanian government passes emergency decree to release prisoners and decriminalise corruption charges, triggering huge protests in Bucharest

2018 – trump administration formally suspends the Clean Water Act

2019 – Catholic leaders in Texas name 286 priests and others accused of sexually abusing children, dating back to 1940

2021 – Widespread protests in Russia against detention of opposition leader Alexei Navalny and the government with 5,000 people arrested

REFERENCE: history.net, onthisday.com, thepeopleshistory.com, timeanddate.com, scopesys.com, on-this-day.com



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